Nocardia


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Related to Nocardia: actinomyces, Nocardia asteroides

Nocardia

 [no-kahr´de-ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, spore-forming bacteria, including N. asteroi´des, a species of opportunistic pathogens that cause nocardiosis and actinomycotic mycetoma.

Nocardia

(nō-kar'dē-ă),
A genus of aerobic actinomycetes (family Nocardiaceae, order Actinomycetales), higher bacteria, containing weakly acid-fast, slender rods or filaments, frequently swollen and occasionally branched, forming a mycelium. Coccus or bacillary forms are produced by these organisms, which are mainly saprophytic but may be a cause of mycetoma or nocardiosis.
[E. Nocard]

no·car·di·a

, pl.

no·car·di·ae

(nō-kar'dē-ă, nō-kar'dē-ē),
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Nocardia.

Nocardia

/No·car·dia/ (no-kahr´de-ah) a genus of bacteria (family Nocardiaceae), including N. asteroi´des, which produces a tuberculosis-like infection in humans, N. farci´nica (probably identical with N. asteroi´des ), which produces a tuberculosis-like infection in cattle and causes actinomycotic mycetoma, and N. brasilien´sis, which causes nocardiosis and actinomycotic mycetoma in humans.

Nocardia

[nōkär′dē·ə]
Etymology: Edmund I. E. Nocard, French veterinarian, 1850-1903
a genus of weakly gram-positive aerobic bacteria, some species of which are pathogenic, such as Nocardia asteroides. See also nocardiosis.

No·car·di·a

(nō-kahr'dē-ă)
A genus of aerobic actinomycetes (family Nocardiaceae, order Actinomycetales), higher bacteria, containing weakly acid-fast, slender rods or filaments, frequently swollen and occasionally branched, forming a mycelium. Coccus or bacillary forms are produced by these organisms, which are mainly saprophytic but may be a cause of mycetoma or nocardiosis.

no·car·di·a

, pl. nocardiae (nō-kahr'dē-ă, -ē)
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Nocardia.

Nocard,

Edmund I.E., French veterinarian, 1850-1903.
Nocardia - a genus of aerobic nonmotile actinomycetes (family Nocardiaceae, order Actinomycetales), transitional between bacteria and fungi, which are mainly saprophytic but may produce disease in human beings and other animals.
Nocardia brasiliensis
Nocardia dacryoliths - white pseudoconcretions, composed of masses of Nocardia species found in the lacrimal canaliculi. Synonym(s): Desmarres dacryoliths
Nocardiasis bovine farcy
Nocardiaceae - a family of acid-fast, gram-positive, aerobic bacteria (order Actinomycetales) that includes the genus Nocardia.
nocardiosis - a pulmonary or brain infection that is caused by Nocadia asteroides.
Preisz-Nocard bacillus - see under Preisz

Nocardia

fungal species causing Madura foot

No·car·di·a

(nō-kahr'dē-ă)
A genus of aerobic, higher bacteria, containing weakly acid-fast, slender rods or filaments, frequently swollen and occasionally branched, forming a mycelium; mainly saprophytic but may cause mycetoma or nocardiosis.

Nocardia

a genus of gram-positive, modified acid-fast bacteria, with branching filaments that break into cocci or bacilli, in the family Nocardiaceae. Most are soil saprophytes which uncommonly may cause pyogranulomatous infections in a number of species.

Nocardia asteroides, Nocardia brasiliensis
may cause mastitis in cattle, pneumonia, mastitis and lymphadenitis in pigs, sheep and goats, and cutaneous or systemic nocardiosis of dogs and cats.
Nocardia farcinica
there is some uncertainty about the taxonomic status of this species; causes bovine farcy.
Nocardia otitidiscaviarum
causes dermatitis on guinea pig ears.
References in periodicals archive ?
Primary cutaneous Nocardia otitidiscaviarum infection in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis treated with infliximab.
Actinomycetes Colony Morphology Gram's Identification (Isolates) Staining Organism-1 waxy, shiny; several +ve Nocardia sp.
It was found that Streptomyces alanosinicus, Streptomyces atratus, Streptoverticillium album, Nocardia farcinia, Nocardia vaccine, Nocardia amarae & Micromonospora chalcca were able to degrade 65.
A case of isolated Nocardia asteroides brain abscess in a kidney transplant recipient.
Key Words: Nocardia, pregnancy, systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune hepatitis, sepsis Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) nephritis
However, in a letter published in the 4 April 2005 issue of The Medical Journal of Australia, Anthony Allworth, director of infectious diseases at Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, describes culturing Burkholderia pseudomallei from two tsunami lung patients in a land-based hospital and Nocardia species from a third.
NanoLogix's FDA registered diagnostic test kits are designed to be used for the rapid identification of infectious human diseases and identify 34 disease-producing bacteria, including Tuberculosis (TB), Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI), Pseudomonas, and Nocardia.
False positives on the other hand can be seen if animals are sensitised by other organisms such as Mycobacterium johnei (the cause of Johnes disease) or Nocardia spp, but failure to demonstrate visible lesions or to culture Tuberculosis cannot be taken as proof of no disease as the organism can be in any part of the body and only microscopic in the early stages.
CD from Nocardia species (13) has high substrate specificity for cholesterol (7) and allows a substrate cycling reaction between the thio-NAD and NADH redox reaction.
Many of the novel species belong to genera with strong track records for producing pharmaceutically active compounds (Streptomyces, Nocardia, and Micromonospora).
The presence of Streptomyces associated with degradation had already been confirmed here and elsewhere, although some British work recorded the involvement of Nocardia, as reported by Brister (1981).