nitrophenol

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nitrophenol

a parasiticide which is applied to buildings and fixtures. Can cause poisoning manifested as high fever, dyspnea, stumbling gait, terminal convulsions, a short course of a few hours and a high mortality rate. A substituted nitrophenol (disophenol) is used as an anthelmintic against blood-sucking nematodes such as hookworms and Haemonchus spp.
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In studies of adsorption of phenol and nitrophenols on carbonaceous materials, it was found that the adsorption of phenolics followed the sequence 2,4-DNP >2-NP > phenol, and this behavior is associated to pH from the solution and the content of surface groups on the activated carbon.
Adsorption of phenol and nitrophenols by carbon nanospheres: Effect of pH and ionic strength.
Moreover, nitrophenols and methylphenol sources have been related to vehicular emissions [6,7] Phenols may occur naturally via biodegradation of humic products, for example tannins and lignins [8].
Nitrophenols are known protonophores and have been used in structural alert models to define uncouplers (Naven et al.
Theobtained Ni NPs accelerated the decomposition of NaBH4 to generate hydrogen [20] and catalyzed the reduction reaction of nitrophenols.
Depending on the electrolysis conditions, a great variety of products can be obtained by electroreduction of nitrophenols.
Degradation of aqueous nitrophenols and nitrobenzene by means of the Fenton reaction.
Substances such as phosgene, N-ethyl carbazole, and hexanitrodiphenylamine a lso underwent analysis, and synthetic work included the preparation of tetranitromethane, nitrophenols (from benzene), trinitrophenylnitramine, 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene, and organic perchlorates.
4-D),4-chloro-2methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), 2,4,5-trichloro-phenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), 2-buthyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (dinoseb), and phenolic biocides like pentachlorophenol (PCP) [8] and from atmospheric depositions [9] Moreover, nitrophenols and methylphenol sources have been related to vehicular emissions [10,11].
AOPs are suited for destroying dissolved organic contaminants such as halogenated hydrocarbons (trichloroethane, trichloroethylene), aromatic compounds (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene--BTEX), pentachlorophenol (PCP), nitrophenols, detergents, pesticides, etc.