The centrifugal evaporator can take a total of 48 nitrofuran
A meeting of the EC's Standing Committee on Food Chain and Animal Health (SCoFCAH) last week issued a draft decision that, if approved, would mean all shellfish shipments from India intended for use in feed or food would be obliged to carry analytical test results confirming the product is free from nitrofuran
Traces of nitrofuran
, a banned veterinary medicine, were found in batches of organic fresh chicken sold by supermarket chains Tesco, Waitrose and Morrisons.
The most common switches to a new class were from nitrofurans
to fluoroquinolones (7%) and from sulfonamides to penicillins (5%).
have been found in Brazilian turkey since the tests were introduced.
are a class of drugs used to kill micro-organisms, but can have a harmful effect on humans and can damage DNA.
Last year, FDA testing showed a rise in shrimp exports from the Southeast Asian country containing residues of nitrofurans
and chloramphenicol -- which are not allowed in US commerce.
Table 1: Classification of Antimicrobial Agents used in the Study Name of Group Name of Antimicrobials Fluoroquinolones Ciprofloxacin, Norfloxacin, Ofloxacin Tetracyclines Doxycycline Nitrofurans
Nitrofurantoin Penicillin Ampicillin, Amoxicillin, Piperacillin, Carbenicillin Cephalosporins Cephalexin, Cefuroxime, Cefixime, Cefuroxime, Ceftriaxone, Ceftazidime, Cefepime Monobactams Aztreonam Carbapenems Imipenem Aminoglycosides Gentamicin, Netilmicin, Tobramycin, Amikacin Nitrobenzene Derivatives Chloramphenicol Oxazolidinone Linezolid Others Clindamycin, Cotrimoxazole, Novobiocin Table 2: Common Uropathogens Organisms Isolated Number (%) E.
All of the highly pathogenic strains were resistant to at least one antimicrobial belonging to the beta-lactam and sulphonamides classes; however, the sensitivity was 100% regarding nitrofurans
(furazolidone, The LC-MS/MS method is furaltadone, nitrofurazone and used for detecting trace nitrofurantoin) are a group of levels of nitrofurans
and veterinary antibiotics banned their metabolites (<0.
5] deficiency, M Hb, unstable Hb Drug/chemical induced Acetaminophen, amyl nitrite, benzocaine, dapsone, nitroglycerin, nitroprusside, phenazopyridine (pyridium), sulfanilamide, aniline dyes, chlorates, nitrofurans
, sulfones Diet induced Nitrites, nitrates (a) Adapted from Mansouri and Lurie (1993).
It has adopted a Decision to lift EU rules on stricter food safety tests introduced in October 2002 when nitrofurans
were discovered in chicken from Brazil.