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abbreviation for National Institute for the Deaf.


(dis-pla'zh(e-)a) [ dys- + -plasia]
Abnormal development of tissue. Synonym: alloplasia; heteroplasia

anal dysplasia

Anal intraepithelial neoplasia.

anhidrotic dysplasia

A congenital condition marked by absent or deficient sweat glands, intolerance of heat, and abnormal development of teeth and nails.

arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia

Abbreviation: ARVD
A rare degenerative disease of desmosomes within heart muscle that may produce life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias. It is a cause of sudden death or ventricular tachycardia in athletes. The dysplasia is diagnosed by a combination of tests (specific angiographic, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, MRI, and biopsy or necropsy criteria). Some forms of the disease are autosomal dominantly inherited. Synonym: arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy; arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy

bronchopulmonary dysplasia

The need for supplemental oxygen in an infant born prematurely, esp. when that need is present after 36 weeks' gestation. Synonym: chronic lung disease of the newborn

Patient care

A team approach is necessary to provide optimal inpatient and outpatient care to infants and their families. Educating the family about the disease, its treatment, and its prognosis are critical to providing optimal care to affected infants. Inpatient care emphasizes respiratory support for the infant, appropriate nutrition to support growth and development, and regular physical contact with parents to encourage bonding esp. during long, and emotionally taxing hospital stays. Enrolling the family in a follow-up program with supportive care for the infant is important to help the parents in the early months after hospital discharge. Educating the family about continuing care about follow-up appointments and therapies is essential. The care team addresses the nutritional, developmental, general medical and social services each infant and family need to promote optimal long-term development of the infant.

cervical dysplasia

Precancerous changes in the cells of the uterine cervix, typically obtained for cytological examination by brushing or scraping cells from the cervix during a Pap test or colposcopy. Changes found on the Papanicolaou test (Pap test) are called a squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) and are classified as low grade (LSIL), high grade (HSIL), or possibly malignant. When a biopsy of the cervix is performed, the dysplasia is called a cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and is classified as CIN I-mild, CIN II-moderate, and CIN III-severe to carcinoma in situ.

chondroectodermal dysplasia

Ellis–van Creveld syndrome .

developmental dysplasia of the hip

Congenital dislocation of the hip.

ectodermal dysplasia

Any of a group of rare inherited disorders in which there are defects in the function or development of glands, hair, nails, or teeth, i.e., organs that originate embryologically in the ectoderm.

fibromuscular dysplasia

A dysplasia of the fibrous and muscular walls of an artery, resulting in impaired blood flow or stenosis. It is most often found in the renal arteries, esp. in young women as a cause of hypertension, or in the carotid arteries of adults.

fibrous dysplasia

A rare, nonheritable congenital bone disease characterized by disorganized alignment of collagen within bone and weak bone formation. Symptoms include bone pain, bone deformities, fractures, and neurological deficits. Some patients are also affected by endocrine disorders, such as diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, or hyperprolactinemia. There are two forms of the disease: monostotic fibrous dysplasia is a variant of the disease in which a single bony lesion is found; in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, lesions are found in multiple bones, including long bones, facial and cranial bones, or other locations.

hereditary ectodermal dysplasia

A form of anhidrotic dysplasia marked by few or absent sweat glands and hair follicles, smooth shiny skin, abnormal or absent teeth, nail deformities, cataracts or corneal alterations, absence of mammary glands, a concave face, prominent eyebrows, conjunctivitis, deficient hair growth, and mental retardation.

Kniest dysplasia

See: Kniest dysplasia

McCusick metaphyseal dysplasia

See: McCusick metaphyseal dysplasia

monostotic fibrous dysplasia

Fibrous dysplasia that affects a single bone.

neuronal intestinal dysplasia

Abbreviation: NID
A disorder of bowel motility in which the innervation of the intestines is ectopic (the ganglions that provide nervous control of intestinal musculature being misplaced).

oculoauricular vertebral dysplasia

Hemifacial microsomia.

osteofibrous dysplasia

An extremely rare, benign bone tumor occurring in children under 10. The primary symptoms are painless swelling or bowing of bone. It usually develops in the tibia or fibula.

periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia

A benign, asymptomatic fibro-osseous lesion that develops at the apex of the anterior mandibular teeth. No treatment is necessary.

polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

Fibrous dysplasia affecting multiple bones, including, in some children, long bones as well as facial or cranial bones. See: McCune-Albright syndrome

septo-optic dysplasia

A rare developmental disorder of the brain and eye in which the optic disk and septum pellucidum do not develop normally, resulting in blindness, hormonal deficiencies, learning disabilities, decreased muscular tone, and, occasionally, seizures.
Synonym: Morsier syndrome

thanatophoric dysplasia

Abbreviation: TD
An often lethal form of osteochondrodysplasia in which abnormalities of bone and cartilage development are accompanied by underdevelopment of the lungs. It is detectable in utero with prenatal ultrasound.

neuronal intestinal dysplasia

Abbreviation: NID
A disorder of bowel motility in which the innervation of the intestines is ectopic (the ganglions that provide nervous control of intestinal musculature being misplaced).
See also: dysplasia
References in periodicals archive ?
Hero Stuart Kiltie beside the River Nith in Dumfries yesterday
a completed area study of the Nith Peninsula by a series of developers;
W Llewelyn Williams Mae ganddo nith arall, a nai -Megan a John - yn byw yn yr Unol Daleithiau.
Cops say the swindler distracted his elderly victim in Nith Place, Johnstone, at around 4pm on December 26, before stealing from her and making off.
William, whose family firm sources their eggs from Nith Valley in Dumfriessire, says "happy" hens who are allowed to roam free are more likely to produce eggs with double yolks.
Certification of satisfaction nith complete detail of work carried out shall be submitted- Document cost : INR 1180 EMD value : INR 11002 Document Purchase Start date : 16 Nov 2017 Document Purchase End date : 09 Dec 2017 Opening date : 18 Dec 2017
The delegation consisted of Abdulimiti Abulaiti, Deputy Director General, Publicity Department, CPC China, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Committee; Liu Sen, Director of Administrative Section of Nith Bureau, The United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee; Li Lin, Associate Researcher and Director, the Department of Islamic Studies at the Institute of World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS); Abudureheman Wushouer, Deputy director of Ethnic Trade Office at the Ethnic Affairs Commission (Administration for religious Affairs), Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; and Qi Mingjie, Cadre of Human Rights Affairs Bureau, State Council Information Office, PRC.
Ryan - who moved from Larne to settle in Sanquhar, Dumfriesshire - six years ago, died as he travelled with the Nith Valley Loyal supporters club to see Rangers play Partick Thistle.
Mr Baird was travelling with the Nith Valley Loyal Rangers Supporters' club when the bus overturned, leaving 18 other people in hospital.
The 39-year-old man who died at the scene was with 35 fellow Rangers fans from Nith Valley supporters club going to a home game at Ibrox with Partick Thistle.
Mayberry and Marshall excitedly explore the land but soon find they are not the first humans to discover the wishing tree's transporting abilities, and some of the creatures of Nith are not friendly.
A comparison of the total number of bibliographic/ indexing-abstracting databases subscribed to by different libraries is also given in this table, which depicts that the number of bibliographic/ indexing-abstracting databases subscribed by the libraries varied drastically with PEC subscribing to only one such database; NITH, NITJ, NITK and TUP subscribing to three databases each whereas for NITS the total number of subscribed bibliographic/ indexing-abstracting databases is 5.