Nipah virus


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Related to Nipah virus: Nipah virus encephalitis

Nipah virus

a paramyxovirus that can cause fatal disease in humans, with features of encephalitis and meningitis; the virus spreads from swine to humans.
[Nipah, Malaysia, where first human case detected, 1999]

Nipah virus

(nĭp′ə)
n.
A paramyxovirus that is transmitted to humans from other mammals, especially pigs, and causes fever and myalgias that can progress to encephalitis.

Ni·pah vi·rus

(nē'pă vī'rŭs)
A paramyxovirus that can cause fatal disease in humans, with features of encephalitis and meningitis; the virus spreads from swine to humans.
[Nipah, Malaysia, where first human case detected, 1999]

Nipah,

village in Malaysia where the first human case was detected in 1999.
Nipah virus - a paramyxovirus with features of encephalitis and meningitis; spread from swine to humans.

Nipah virus

a respiratory disease of pigs caused by a paramyxovirus in the genus Henipavirus; is related to Hendra virus; transmitted from bats and is zoonotic causing a fatal encephalitis in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nipah virus outbreak with person-to-person transmission in a district of Bangladesh, 2007.
The draft EIS estimated a release of Nipah virus from NBAF would cost the pig industry $19 million.
Nipah virus has only been reported in Malaysia and in pigs exported from that country.
There is also a theory that the loss of Malaysian rainforest forced fruit bats carrying Nipah virus to feed in orchards next to pig pens.
It seems certain that the bats found a haven at Leong Seng Nam, that they were harboring Nipah virus, and that they then passed the virus on to the penned pigs (possibly by dropping half-eaten fruit).
The Hendra-sG glycoprotein results in horses confirm earlier experimental work by Broder and his colleagues, where formulation containing the protein was shown to be protective in other animal models of Hendra and Nipah virus infection, including ferret, feline and nonhuman primates.
Transmission Routes for Nipah Virus from Malaysia and Bangladesh
However, other encephalitis pathogens have emerged or reemerged, including West Nile virus, Nipah virus, European tickborne encephalitis virus, enterovirus 71, and the ameba, Balamuthia mandrillaris.
Take the emergence of Nipah virus, which first appeared in Malaysia in 1999.
The virus that caused the global SARS outbreak in 2003 and South Asia's emerging Nipah virus have been traced to bats.
Although a causative agent remains to be formally identified, all [available] samples were found negative for H5N1 and other influenza viruses, Sars, and Nipah virus," the WHO report said.
The pair competed in the Singapore International Airlines Cup last weekend and have been confined to quarantine, along with Hong Kong runner California Memory, after blood tests revealed all three were potentially carrying the Nipah virus, despite showing no clinical signs.