Nipah virus


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Related to Nipah virus: Nipah virus encephalitis

Nipah virus

a paramyxovirus that can cause fatal disease in humans, with features of encephalitis and meningitis; the virus spreads from swine to humans.
[Nipah, Malaysia, where first human case detected, 1999]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Nipah virus

(nĭp′ə)
n.
A paramyxovirus that is transmitted to humans from other mammals, especially pigs, and causes fever and myalgias that can progress to encephalitis.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Ni·pah vi·rus

(nē'pă vī'rŭs)
A paramyxovirus that can cause fatal disease in humans, with features of encephalitis and meningitis; the virus spreads from swine to humans.
[Nipah, Malaysia, where first human case detected, 1999]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Nipah,

village in Malaysia where the first human case was detected in 1999.
Nipah virus - a paramyxovirus with features of encephalitis and meningitis; spread from swine to humans.
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The Nipah virus was first documented in 1998, when the first cases of human infection were reported from Malaysia and Singapore.
"The cholesterol-tagged HRC-derived peptides cross the blood-brain barrier and help prevent and treat the infection in animals for what would otherwise be fatal Nipah virus encephalitis," Porotto reports.
Nipah virus is a relatively new pathogen, first identified in 1999.
It seems certain that the bats found a haven at Leong Seng Nam, that they were harboring Nipah virus, and that they then passed the virus on to the penned pigs (possibly by dropping half-eaten fruit).
For example, in 1998, bats bearing Nipah virus swept onto Malaysian pig farms after fleeing forest fires fueled by intense drought associated with the largest El Nino event of the century (Epstein 1999; Institute on Climate and Planets 2003).
For this reason, Nipah virus has been categorized as a biohazard that should be managed in a high-level biosecurity laboratory.
1, suspected to have contracted the Nipah virus. A week later, pig farmer Lai Poh Ann died from the same disease.
A previously unrecognized paramyxovirus (formerly known as Hendra-like virus), now called Nipah virus, was implicated by laboratory testing in many of these cases.
Pune, arrived in North Paravur, Ernakulam, to collect samples from fruit-eating bats to find the source of Nipah virus.
"All six who are in isolation wards and were suspected to have been infected with the Nipah virus have been found to be safe.