dray wagoneers, nightsoil
collectors, ditch diggers, blast furnace operators, coal and rag collectors, and riverfront roustabouts.
The reader, however, will find that Perez's discussion is much more comprehensive as he includes chapters on time, food, clothing, and nightsoil
. This book is packed with information, including analysis and comparisons with other parts of world.
In China, an ancient and pervasive practice involves mixing human excrement, termed nightsoil
, with that of animals, which is then used for crop fertilization.
Here the reader learns not only about nightsoil
collection -- "Washing the nightstool ...
Contractors offered to pay large sums to collect this "nightsoil
" and transport it to local farms.
The vessel and the rag at Aesop's feet in Velazquez's famous portrait in the Prado can be identified in relation to this scatological anecdote as a nightsoil
bucket and toilet rag.