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Florence (1820– 1910). Founder of modern nursing. She was born in Florence, Italy, of English parents. In 1854 she led a group of nurses to the Crimea to care for English troops, and later she reorganized military nursing and sanitation in England and then India. She also contributed to the field of dietetics, and her skill as a statistician in gathering data won her election to the Royal Statistical Society and honorary membership in the American Statistical Association.
Florence Nightingale. Courtesy of Florence Nightingale Museum, London, U.K.


Florence, 1820-1910. English nurse; founder of modern nursing.

Nightingale, Florence

(1820-1910), considered the founder of modern nursing. After limited formal training in nursing in Germany and Paris, she became superintendent in 1853 of a small hospital in London. Her outstanding success in reorganizing the hospital led the British government to request that she head a mission to the Crimea, where Britain was fighting a war with Russia. After her return to England in 1856, she wrote Notes on Hospitals and Notes on Nursing and founded a training school for nurses at St. Thomas' Hospital, where she attracted well-educated, dedicated women. The graduates became matrons of the most important hospitals in Great Britain, thus raising the standards of nursing across the nation and eventually around the world. Although she was, by then, bedridden much of the time, she carried on her work on the sanitary reform of India, conducted a study of midwifery, helped establish visiting nurse services, and worked for the reform of the poor laws in which she proposed separate institutions for the sick, the insane, the incurable, and children. One of Florence Nightingale's outstanding contributions was significantly decreasing the infection-related death rate through cleanliness. After Longfellow wrote Santa Filomena, she became known as "The Lady with the Lamp"; the Nightingale Pledge, named after her, embodies her ideals and has inspired thousands of young graduating nurses.
References in periodicals archive ?
TELUS Health announced today that it has entered into an agreement to acquire the Canadian business of Nightingale Informatix Corp.
Nightingale encouraged people to take charge of their own situation and become independent, instead of relying on charity.
When asked by the Sunday Mercury to provide details of all the celebs they had hired at the taxpayers' expense, they included Radio 1 DJ Annie Nightingale in a list obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.
To Nightingale, it was more than a string of words on a page--it was the answer to the question that had haunted him since childhood.
Nightingales; the extraordinary upbringing wad curious life of Miss Florence Nightingale.
To celebrate International Dawn Chorus Day, the British Trust for Ornithology has also released a CD, Nightingales: A Celebration, produced for the BTO's Nightingale Appeal.
This was odd because nightingales don't sing in August and certainly not in the middle of town.
Most theater people expect a battle between ``Side Man,'' a family play about jazz musicians in the 1950s, and ``Not About Nightingales,'' Tennessee Williams' 1938 prison melodrama, unseen on stage until it was unearthed last year by Britain's Royal National Theatre.
A brutal and upsetting prison drama, Not About Nightingales packs a three-part punch: It's a 1930s-style "living newspaper" expose of inhumane prison conditions; it's an early study of themes that would emerge full-blown in The Glass Menagerie and A Streetcar Named Desire; and it's a powerhouse dramatic spectacle staged by Trevor Nunn, world famous for directing Cats and Sunset Boulevard.
And before a world can be made safe even for nightingales, it must be made safe for the Janey Larkins.
Nightingales : The extraordinary upbringing and curious life of Miss Florence Nightingale.