Newcastle disease


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Newcastle disease

 [noo´kas-el]
a viral disease of birds, including domestic fowl, characterized by respiratory and gastrointestinal or pneumonic and encephalitic symptoms; it is also transmissible to humans.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Newcastle disease

a serious paramyxovirus disease of poultry and other (including psittacine and passerine) birds. Clinical signs of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) include coughing, gasping and sneezing, diarrhea, petechiae, twisted neck, and paresis of legs and wings. Three strains exist: lentogenic, mesogenic, and velogenic, the last is the most pathogenic (mortality to 100%, may present with peracute signs or sudden death). In humans, velogenic strain may cause acute conjunctivitis and sometimes influenzalike symptoms persisting up to 3 weeks. Exotic disease in North America; first identified in California in fall 2002. Preventive measures include vaccination of poultry, quarantine, import restrictions, and banning feeding based on animal tissues.
[Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, where disease first reported]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

New·cas·tle dis·ease

(nū'kas-ĕl di-zēz')
Conjunctivitis, eyelid edema, and inflammation caused by infection with an avian virus; recovery is usually spontaneous and takes 10-14 days.
[Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, where disease first reported]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Newcastle,

a community in England near the location where Newcastle disease was first observed.
Newcastle disease - an influenzalike disease of birds that is transmissible to man if in contact with diseased birds. Synonym(s): avian influenza; Ranikhet disease

Ranikhet,

town in northern India.
Ranikhet disease - Synonym(s): Newcastle disease
Medical Eponyms © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Lomniczi, "Identification and grouping of Newcastle disease virus strains by restriction site analysis of a region from the F gene," Archives of Virology, vol.
Afonso, "Temporal, geographic, and host distribution of avian paramyxovirus 1 (Newcastle disease virus)," Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol.
Newcastle disease strains of NDV of different genotypes have functional domains of F and HN proteins with consensus sequences that recognized several amino acid substitutions.
Newcastle disease virus strain [I.sub.2], aprospective thermostable vaccine for use in developing countries.
Five birds from each group were exposed to field isolate of Newcastle Disease Virus on day 45.
Using the Newcastle disease virus for vaccine development may extend beyond poultry to pigs, cattle and sheep, Richt said.
Newcastle disease virus (very virulent Kudus strain) was used as antigen.
Barnes, "Diseases of poultry," in Newcastle Disease, Other Avian Paramyxoviruses, and Pneumovirus Infections, Y.
Authorities reported the incidents on June 20, after the European Union's UK-based Newcastle Disease reference laboratory confirmed the virus had been detected.
Key words: Newcastle disease vaccine, VG/GA strain, NDV, broiler chicken, haemagglutination test.
At the end of last week, Bulgaria's Ministry of Agriculture and Food reported that instances of Newcastle disease had been detected in the southern village of Zvinitsa, Kardzhali district.

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