neurosis

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neurosis

 [noo͡-ro´sis] (pl. neuro´ses)
former name for a category of mental disorders characterized by anxiety and avoidance behavior. In general, the term has been used to refer to disorders in which the symptoms are distressing to the person, reality testing does not yield unusual results, behavior does not violate gross social norms, and there is no apparent organic etiology. Such disorders are currently classified as anxiety disorders, dissociative disorders, mood disorders, sexual disorders, and somatoform disorders.
anxiety neurosis an obsolete term (Freud) for conditions now reclassified as panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.
hysterical neurosis a former classification of mental disorders, now divided into conversion disorder and dissociative disorders.
obsessive-compulsive neurosis former name for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
prison neurosis chronophobia occurring in prisoners having trouble adjusting to a long prison sentence, characterized by feelings of restlessness, panic, anxiety, and claustrophobia.
transference neurosis a phenomenon occurring in most psychoanalyses, in which the patient undergoes, with the analyst as the object, an intense repetition of childhood conflicts, reexperiencing impulses, feelings, and fantasies that originally developed in relation to the parent.

neu·ro·sis

, pl.

neu·ro·ses

(nū-rō'sis, -sēz),
1. A psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; defense mechanisms or any phobias are the adjustive techniques that a person learns to cope with this underlying anxiety. In contrast to the psychoses, people with a neurosis do not exhibit gross distortion of reality or gross disorganization of personality but in severe cases, those affected may be as disabled as those with a psychosis.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one in which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system; any form of nervousness.
Synonym(s): neurotic disorder
[neuro- + G. -osis, condition]

neurosis

(no͝o-rō′sĭs, nyo͝o-)
n. pl. neuro·ses (-sēz)
A mild mental disorder characterized by excessive anxiety, insecurity, or obsession, usually compensated for by various defense mechanisms.

neurosis

Psychology An older term for a disorder characterized by excess anxiety and avoidance behaviors Neuroses Anxiety disorder, dissociative disorder, mood disorder, personality disorder, bipolar I disorder, depression, histrionic personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive behavior, phobias. See Neurotic disorder, Semi-starvation neurosis, Sunday neurosis.

neu·ro·sis

, pl. neuroses (nūr-ō'sis, -sēz)
1. A psychological or behavioral disorder in which anxiety is the primary characteristic; defense mechanisms or any of the phobias are the adjustive techniques that a person learns to cope with this underlying anxiety. In contrast to the psychoses, people with a neurosis do not exhibit gross distortion of reality or disorganization of personality.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one for which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system; any form of nervousness.
Synonym(s): neurotic disorder, psychoneurosis.
[neuro- + G. -osis, condition]

neurosis

Any long-term mental or behavioural disorder, in which contact with reality is retained and the condition is recognized by the sufferer as abnormal. Attempts have been made to prohibit the term as pejorative and insulting but these have failed mainly because of a more complete and humane understanding of the subject and of the plight of neurotic sufferers. A neurosis essentially features anxiety or behaviour exaggeratedly designed to avoid anxiety. Defence mechanisms against anxiety take various forms and may appear as PHOBIAS, OBSESSIONS, COMPULSIONS or as sexual dysfunctions. In recent attempts at classification, the disorders formerly included under the neuroses have, possibly for reasons of political correctness, been given new names. The general term, neurosis, is now called anxiety disorder; hysteria has become a somatoform or conversion disorder; amnesia, fugue, multiple personality and depersonalization have become dissociative disorders; and neurotic depression has become a dysthymic disorder. These changes are helpful and explanatory but ignore the futility of euphemism. Psychoanalysis has proved of little value in curing these conditions and Freud's speculations as to their origins are not now widely accepted outside Freudian schools of thought. Neurotic disorders are probably best regarded as being the result of inappropriate early programming. Cognitive behaviour therapy seems effective in some cases.

neu·ro·sis

, pl. neuroses (nūr-ō'sis, -sēz)
1. Psychological or behavioral disorder with anxiety as primary characteristic; affected patients may be as disabled as those with a psychosis.
2. A functional nervous disease, or one in which there is no evident lesion.
3. A peculiar state of tension or irritability of the nervous system.
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, we (1) found a significant decrease in the depression scores calculated by using the CES-D after GCBT, (2) observed a significant increase in the "vigor" subscale scores and a significant decrease in the "confusion" subscale scores on the POMS after GCBT, and (3) confirmed that these effects (those mentioned in (1) and (2) above) can be produced even among a group of participants including not only mood disorder patients (F3) but also neurotic disorder patients (F4) who have been diagnosed by using the ICD-10.
Across the different diagnoses of selected mental disorders, patients with personality disorders were at the highest risk (HR=25.05, 95% CI=14.37-43.67), followed by schizophrenia (HR=11.17, 95% CI=7.73-16.14), affective psychoses (HR=10.99, 95% CI=9.36-12.90), adjustment reaction disorders (HR=9.67, 95% CI= 6.97-13.51), and neurotic disorders (HR=4.84, 95% CI= 4.485.23).
However, neurotic disorders had the lowest hazard ratio of developing either alcohol-related or drug-related disorders.
Table 9 Estimated Total Number of |Cases' in the Sentenced Prison Population, by Diagnosis and Gender Diagnostic group Women Men Psychosis 16 680 Neurotic disorder 160 2,080 Personality disorder 184 3,540 Alcohol abuse/dependence 96 4,060 Drug abuse/dependence 268 4,060 Mental handicap 24 220 Other disorders 8 900 Epilepsy 4 80 [TABULAR DATA 10 OMITTED] The women recommended for hospital transfer include the four cases with a primary diagnosis of psychosis, four with a primary diagnosis of mental handicap (see discussion above), three with severe personality disorder, and one with severe neurotic depression that had not responded to treatment.
Apart from a single case of drug dependence, the only diagnosis found in overseas women was neurotic disorder, mainly depression or an adjustment reaction.
Schneider's symptoms have been identified in patients with neurotic disorders (7), manic-depressive disorders (8), and mood disorders.
Neurotic disorders (ND) were studied according to special methodic recommendation developed in Scientific-Research Institute of General and Forensic Psychiatry named after Serbski (1988, 1991) (Alexandrovski, 1993).
Investigation determined neurotic disorders in 122 (72.6%) patients: mild degree of ND was indicated in 38 patients (22.6%), moderate degree of ND--in 59 patients (35.1%), and significant degree of ND--in 25 patients (14.9%).
Conversion reaction as a neurotic disorder has some peculiar features which distinguish it from other neurotic disorders.
However, in the developed countries, conversion reaction is no longer a common neurotic disorder and is very rarely encountered in its classic form.
In considerable number of patients before puberty there were observed neurotic disorders in the form of night fears--29 persons (28.43%).
The carried out investigation promoted to determine neurotic disorders in 72.6% of patients.