neuroprosthetics

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neuroprosthetics

(noor?o-pros-thet'iks, nur?) [ neuro- + prosthetics]
Any biomedically engineered device designed to be linked to the peripheral or central nervous system and enhance the cognitive, motor, or sensory abilities of an organism.
Synonym: neural prosthetics
References in periodicals archive ?
But after a few days it started rebuilding into a new network that can control both the intact limb and the neuroprosthetic.
The scientists, who treated the monkeys with a neuroprosthetic interface that acted as a wireless bridge between the brain and spine, say they have started small feasibility studies in humans to trial some components.
In the study, neuroscientists from the University of Chicago used neuroprosthetic devices to turn the pressure 'felt' by a prosthetic hand into a signal that feeds directly into the parts of the brain that deal with hand movement and touch.
These studies could lead to the development of neuroprosthetic devices for paraplegic patients and amputees.
In the foreseeable future, breakthroughs in biotechnology and information technology may bring not only genetically engineered babies but also humans with greatly enhanced capabilities achieved, for instance, through neuroprosthetic devices in their brains.
Schwartz, "Direct cortical control of 3D neuroprosthetic devices," Science, vol.
Indeed, consensus at the NRI workshop on Clinical Brain-Neural Machine Interface Systems held at the Houston Methodist Research Institute in Spring 20131 showed that although neuroprostheses, neurally controlled exoskeletons, and other types of BMI systems have achieved success in a handful of investigative studies, translation of closed-loop neuroprosthetic devices from the laboratory to the market is challenged by gaps in the scientific data regarding long-term device reliability and safety, uncertainty in the regulatory market and reimbursement pathways, as well as patient-acceptance challenges that impede their fast and effective translation to the end user (Liew et al.
DARPA program manager Justin Sanchez said this week at a conference in the US capital convened by the Center for Brain Health at the University of Texas, said that they think they could develop neuroprosthetic devices that can directly interface with the hippocampus, and can restore the first type of memories which are the declarative memories.
The information also potentially could be used to develop neuroprosthetic devices to aid paralyzed patients who cannot communicate, suggested Dr.
Currently, no electronic system can interact seamlessly with nerves, so it's unknown how we might make a neuroprosthetic that has all the mobility of a natural limb.
Training in cortical control of neuroprosthetic devices improve signal extraction from small neuronal ensembles.