neuropeptide

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neuropeptide

 [noor″o-pep´tīd]
any of several types of molecules found in brain tissue, composed of short chains of amino acids; they include endorphins, enkephalins, vasopressin, and others.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nū'rō-pep'tīd),
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue, for example, endorphins, enkephalins.

neuropeptide

(no͝or′ō-pĕp′tīd, nyo͝or′-)
n.
Any of various short-chain peptides found in brain tissue, such as endorphins.

neuropeptide

Any of a family of LMW–< 5 kD intracellular peptides that transmit information in the CNS, GI tract, etc Neuropeptides ACTH, angiotensin II, bombesin, bradykinin, calcitonin gene-related products, carnosine, cholecystokinin, corticotropin-releasing factor, dynorphins, β-endorphin, leu-enkephalin, met-enkephalin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, gastrin, glucagon, GH, growth hormone releasing factor, insulin, LHRH, α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, melanotropin-inhibiting factor, motilin, neurotensin, oxytocin, prolactin, secretin, somatostatin-14 and -28, substance P, TRF, thyrotropin, VIP, vasopressin. See Endorphin, Hormone, Neurotransmitter, Synapsin.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue; e.g., endorphins, enkephalins.
Compare: bioregulator

neuropeptide

see ENDORPHIN.

neu·ro·pep·tide

(nūr'ō-pep'tīd)
Any of a variety of peptides found in neural tissue.
References in periodicals archive ?
We recommend future studies with a larger sample size to clarify the exact role of these neuropeptides in the MetS process and address the link of galanin and nesfatin-1 with metabolic disturbances, such as obesity and insulin resistance.
Noble Egekwu and the team deduced that the "similarity in the composition of transcripts predicting the synganglion neuropeptides, neuropeptide receptors and neurotransmitter receptors in O.
Neuropeptide S: anatomy, pharmacology, genetics and physiological functions.
When the researchers added the neuropeptides back, one by one, into insomniac worms, they discovered that certain sleep behaviors were restored.
Much of the current knowledge of the role of these neuropeptides comes from the study of knockout animals and more recently neural pathway mapping through optogenetics and designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD) techniques.
OMVs, IL-1[micro], and neuropeptides were added to the transfected cells 24 h post-transfection, and the exposition time was 8 hr in the presence of HiFBS.
Li, "Neuropeptide Y accelerates post-fracture bone healing by promoting osteogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells," Neuropeptides, vol.
Therefore, we proceeded to investigate whether central administration of DNJ affects hypothalamic ER stress, appetite-related neuropeptides, and leptin signaling in HFD-fed obese mice.
Of interest, recent evidence challenges the central tenet that GPCR activity induced by neuropeptides originates exclusively at cell membrane level [8].
Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is mainly expressed in the ARC and the NTS of the brainstem [8] and can be cleaved into multiple neuropeptides, such as [alpha]-melanocyte stimulating hormone ([alpha]-MSH), [beta]-MSH, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), [beta]-endorphin ([beta]-END), and [beta]-lipotropin ([beta]-LPH) [9].
Isolation of herpes virus has been shown in some studies to support the viral hypothesis.10 It is also considered that neuropeptides like vasoactive intestinal peptide, neuropeptide Y, calcitonin-gene-related peptide, and substance P influence the immune system.11