catnip

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ca·tar·i·a

(ka-tā'rē-ă),
The dried flowering tops of Nepeta cataria (family Labiatae); an emmenagogue and antispasmodic; also reported to produce psychic effects.
Synonym(s): catnep, catnip
[L. cattus, male cat (post-class)]

catnip

Drug slang
Regional street argot for a joint (marijuana cigarette).

Herbal medicine
A perennial that contains volatile oils (carvecrol, citronellol, geraniol, nepetallactones, nepetol, thymol and tannins); it is antidiarrhoeal, antipyretic, carminative, diaphoretic, sedative, stomachic and tonic. Catnip has been used as an enema for colicky infants, topically for cuts, and internally for colds, flu, viral infections in children, “nervous stomach”, nervous headache and menstrual cramps.
 
Toxicity
It should not be used in pregnancy or in young children.

Veterinary medicine
A perennial that has a stimulant effect on cats.

cat·nip

(kat'nip)
Herbal made from Nepeta cataria; aside from its value in amusing cats (and their owners), the agent has been used in humans for its suggested value in treating gastrointestinal problems, headache, urticaria, and as a sleep aid.
Synonym(s): field balm.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nepeta dschuparensis Bornm Extract Moderates COX-2 and IL-1[beta] Proteins in a Rat Model of Cerebral Ischemia.
Nepeta is the largest genus of the family Lamiaceae with about 250 species distributed mainly in south-west, central Asia, Europe, North America and North Africa [1, 2].
Evaluation of the anxiolytic effect of Nepeta persica in mice.
All of the mints (Mentha), with their abundance of pungent oils, the catmints (Nepeta) for the same reasons, and rhubarb, rue, germanda, thyme, anise and hyssop, are also free from deer damage.
If your insomnia is caused by tension or by working late at night, try a cup of tea made from non-habit-forming herbs such as catnip (Nepeta cataria), a gentle sedative; chamomile (Matricaria recutita), which helps calm the nerves and soothe the stomach; or passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), a safe sedative particularly helpful for insomnia caused by anxiety, worry or an overactive mind.
Were the medicinal uses of catnip [catmint] (Nepeta cataria) checked out by a physician?
Grow more plants that slugs dislike, such as achillea, aquilegia, aster, geum, verbascum, Dicentra spectabilis, geranium, digitalis, euphorbia, nepeta, ornamental grasses and sedges.
This study compared the antibacterial properties of white sage (Salvia apiana), calendula (Calendula officinalis), lemon catnip (Nepeta cataria ssp.
Their finding may lead to new roach repellents based on an active compound found in the catnip herb, Nepeta cataria.
Fourteen to 21-day spray programmes should keep it at bay on plants such as Hypericum, Salix, Geranium, Hollyhock and Nepeta.