Neotyphodium


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Neotyphodium

a genus of fungal endophytes which live within cool-season grass plant tissues.

Neotyphodium coenophialum
infects Festuca arundinacea and F. elatior and produces ergot alkaloids that cause fescue toxicosis.
Neotyphodium folii
an endophyte that infects Lolium perenne and produces alkaloids that cause perennial ryegrass staggers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of cadmium stress on seed germination and seedling growth of Elymus dahuricus infected with the Neotyphodium endophyte.
Ergopeptine alkaloids and Neotyphodium lolii-mediated resistance in perennial ryegrass against adult Heteronychus arator (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae).
and the fungi (Epichloe coenophiala) formerly named Neotyphodium coenophialum [7] has attracted many attentions due to the mutual beneficial effects that enhance the plant tolerance and vitality under stress conditions.
As a result, developing an effective detection procedure is of substantial importance for alkaloids produced by the fungal endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum and/or fungi of the genus Claviceps (Belesky and Bacon 2009; Cross 2003).
Endophytic Neotyphodium lolii induced tolerance to Zn stress in Lolium perenne.
It's also a treasure trove of microbial germplasm in the form of endophytes, a specialized group of Neotyphodium fungi that live symbiotically within certain grasses.
Tall fescue toxicity in livestock caused by the endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum has been managed by the introduction of Lolium arundinaceum varieties with novel endophyte associations, such as MaxQ[R]).
Several methods are available to detect Neotyphodium fungi in plants, including histological staining of seed and plant tissue (Welty et al.
While investigating the livestock troubles, researchers eventually realized that a fungus in the genus Neotyphodium secreted compounds that constricted blood flow in cattle extremities.
Fungi in the Neotyphodium genus are among many microbes known as endophytes because of their in planta symbiosis.