The twin concepts of neophobic
and neophilic, which originate from biology and cultural studies, have been identified among the core themes that aid in the understanding of individuals' attitudes to food.
sinensis made from Sri Lankan high grown Dust grade No 1 tea (without added sugar) in rats using three simple but reliable animal models of anxiety: rat hold-board (Takeda 1998, Ayoka 2005), neophobic
suppression of food intake (Perrault 1990) and condensed milk intake (Poscel 1971) tests.
Carruth and Skinner (2000) report that mothers who model food neophobia influence the neophobic
behaviors of their children.
To identify animals that were neophobic
and neophilic (non-fearful) the rats were placed in a tank into which various objects were introduced.
Cancer Research UK recommends a number of strategies to overcome neophobic
behaviour, such as familiarising children with a variety of foods at an early age.
The effect of a retention interval on habituation of the neophobic
In one instance, while shooting a "neophobic
" Palila bird, Middleton sat patiently for 14 days in front of a soundproof peephole, waiting for the perfect shot of the yellow-headed bird.
The fawns had been maintained on the standard pellets since weaning and may have shown a neophobic
response (Stephens & Krebs 1986) to the leucaena pellets.
Experiment la showed that, when decaffeinated coffee and cider vinegar ate used, body-rotation induced aversions to the preferred coffee solution are evident during the choice-test only if the neophobic
response to the lest preferred vinegar has been eliminated by a previous preexposure.
One characteristic that has special relevance to control is the neophobic
nature of rats: they tend to fear the novel or unknown, such as new foods or new human odours on a familiar food container.
Many preschool children are neophobic
, or afraid of things that are new, including new foods. Research indicates that preschool children's neophobia regarding food decreases with exposure and their food preferences increase with exposure, especially when the new foods are tasted.[17,18] Since changes in preferences occur relatively slowly, about 10 exposures are needed before clear changes in preferences are achieved.
"Birds are neophobic
and will shy away from something new until they determine if it really poses a danger to them," he says.