congenital hypothyroidism

(redirected from Neonatal hypothyroidism)
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con·gen·i·tal hypothyroidism

lack of thyroid secretion. See: infantile hypothyroidism.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

congenital hypothyroidism

n.
Deficiency of thyroid hormone at birth, usually as a result of improper development of the thyroid gland, a genetic disorder affecting hormone production, or iodine deficiency during pregnancy. If untreated, the condition leads to stunted growth, intellectual disability, and other health problems.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

congenital hypothyroidism

Congenital myxedema, cretinism Hypothyroidism of neonatal onset, which occurs in 1/±7000 births, more commonly in ♀, characterized by mental and physical retardation due to inappropriate thyroid development or inadequate maternal intake of iodine during gestation. See Myxedema.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

con·gen·i·tal hy·po·thy·roid·ism

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl hī'pō-thī'royd-izm)
Lack of thyroid secretion.
See: infantile hypothyroidism
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

con·gen·i·tal hy·po·thy·roid·ism

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl hī'pō-thī'royd-izm)
Lack of thyroid secretion.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
All 1,691 infants with neonatal hypothyroidism (862 girls and 829 boys) had been diagnosed during these years.
Approach to the diagnosis and treatment of neonatal hypothyroidism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2011; 96: 2959-67.
Leydig cells increase their numbers but decline in steroidogenic function in the adult rat after neonatal hypothyroidism. Endocrinology 1993;132(6):2417-20.
Therefore, the relation between the ectonucleotidases and TH was also investigated in brain cell culture from rats submitted to neonatal hypothyroidism and demonstrated that the adenine nucleotides hydrolysis was altered in cerebellar and hippocampal astrocytes from immature hypothyroid rats.
Adult testicular enlargement induced by neonatal hypothyroidism is accompanied by increased Sertoli and germ cell numbers.
Preliminary report on a mass screening program for neonatal hypothyroidism. J.
Fetuses whose mothers take excessive amounts of antithyroid drugs can be born with neonatal hypothyroidism and goiter.
Although there have been several reports of transient neonatal hypothyroidism in the literature (1115), we believe that this case is unusual because the mother had not received any previous medications or iodide treatment and had no known exposure to animals, and the interfering substance could not be identified as being a heterophile antibody.
For example, neonatal hypothyroidism is associated with lower IQ.
Measured foetal outcomes included prematurity (Delivery before 37 completed weeks), IUGR (Birth weight less than tenth percentile for gestational age), IUFD (foetal death occurring after 20 weeks of pregnancy or/with foetal weight >500 grams), FD (non-reassuring foetal heart rate pattern or thick meconium stained liquor), low APGAR that is (i.e.) [less than or equal to] 7 at 5 minutes, neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission, neonatal hypothyroidism serum TSH level >20 mU/L after 72 hours of birth.
Iodine deficiency and neonatal hypothyroidism. Bull World Health Organ 1986;64:547-551.
Thyroxine ([T.sub.4]) determination in dried blood spot by RIA: a screening method for neonatal hypothyroidism? Union Med Can 1973;102:2062-4.

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