obstetric brachial plexus palsy

(redirected from Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy)
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obstetric brachial plexus palsy

A specific type of brachial plexus injury caused by mechanical injury during a difficult childbirth, due either to excessive lateral flexion of the head on the trunk during delivery of the shoulders (shoulder dystocia), or delivery of the head in a traction injury to one or more components of the brachial plexus, resulting in stretching of the plexus.
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Most articles equate neonatal brachial plexus palsy with obstetrical brachial plexus palsy, demonstrating a lack of precision in the literature.
Neonatal brachial plexus palsy may be associated with humeral and vertebral group-B streptococcal osteomyelitis.
This is not the case, however, for recurrent shoulder dystocia, where the risk of neonatal brachial plexus palsy can be as high as 4.

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