obstetric brachial plexus palsy

(redirected from Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy)
Also found in: Acronyms.

obstetric brachial plexus palsy

A specific type of brachial plexus injury caused by mechanical injury during a difficult childbirth, due either to excessive lateral flexion of the head on the trunk during delivery of the shoulders (shoulder dystocia), or delivery of the head in a traction injury to one or more components of the brachial plexus, resulting in stretching of the plexus.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The classification of causes of neonatal brachial plexus palsy according to their most salient associated feature seems, at first glance, the most imperfect one; however, it is probably the most appropriate.
Neonatal brachial plexus palsy may be associated with humeral and vertebral group-B streptococcal osteomyelitis.
The task force's report, Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy, (3) was published earlier this year and represents ACOG's official position on the important-but still controversial--subjects of shoulder dystocia and NBPP.
This is not the case, however, for recurrent shoulder dystocia, where the risk of neonatal brachial plexus palsy can be as high as 4.5%, compared with 1% to 2% for a first episode of shoulder dystocia.

Full browser ?