pygmy

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Related to Negrillo: Negritoid

pyg·my

(pig'mē), [MIM*265850]
A physiologic dwarf with normal serum levels of growth hormone and somatomedin and refractoriness to exogenous hormone; especially one of a race of similar people, such as the pygmies of central Africa.
Synonym(s): pigmy
[G. pygmaios, dwarfish, fr. pygmē, fist, also a measure of length from elbow to knuckles]
A member of a tribe of African bushmen who is short, partly due to a 50% decrease of high-affinity growth hormone binding protein, the amino acid sequence of which is homologous to the cell membrane’s growth hormone receptor, resulting in a primary deficiency of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) or somatomedin C

pyg·my

(pig'mē)
A physiologic dwarf, especially one of a race of similar people, such as the pygmies of central Africa.
[G. pygmaios, dwarfish, fr. pygmē, fist, also a measure of length from elbow to knuckles]
References in periodicals archive ?
The author concludes this chapter by focusing on "The Negrillos or the Pygmies" and contends that "[t]he main cultural difference between the pygmies and the Bushmen proper was that the Pygmies were jungle men while the Bushmen were grass and bush men" (76-77).
When they were small and the mothers would be working in the fields, one or two women slaves would take care of the negrillos in a hut prepared for that purpose; or if an infant was sick, the mother or another woman slave had to stay to take care of him.
These chloride ores were called pacos in Peru and colorados in Mexico, while the black sulfide ore below (acanthite) was everywhere called negrillos. Before the advent of the patio process, these ores were simply roasted out of the veins, then reduced in crude furnaces: one observer wrote that "the Peruvians get the silver by burning the hill, and, as the sulfur stone burns, the silver falls in lumps" (Rickard, 1932).
Un manolo y una azafata conversan bajo los negrillos del jardin, y dan serenata, en el fondo, ranas y grillos.
La luna llega a configurarse como un personaje testigo de la accion, dada su constante presencia, y el hecho de contagiarse del garbo de los personajes, realizando sus mismos habiles y difusos movimientos: "Infla la luna los carrillos, / y su carota de pepona, / bermeja de risa, detona / en la cima de los negrillos", y despues "hace la luna un volatin / en la cima de los negrillos / que le sirven de trampolin" (FLRC I, 227 y 229), la luna, personificada, hace aqui metaforicamente los movimientos del volatinero.
These forbears of civilisation have been labelled a number of derogatory terms; "Pygmies", "Negritos" and "Negrillos" (Central Africa), "Bushmen" and "Hottentots" (Southern Africa).