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Related to Negative right: Positive right


something that is due to someone by law or by tradition.
right to fair treatment the fair selection and treatment of subjects during the course of a research study. Principles governing fairness include informed voluntary decision by the subjects to participate and selection according to criteria directly related to the study rather than according to artificial social or cultural biases.
negative right a right to refuse care or not to be interfered with; it obligates another to refrain from doing something. One example is the right to refuse treatment, which is grounded in the principle of respect for autonomy. This is mentioned in the “Patient's Bill of Rights;” see patient's rights.
patient's r's see patient's rights.
positive right a right to be provided with a good or service such as health care, usually grounded in the principle of justice. It is philosophically more difficult to justify than a negative right because it obligates another to do something.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

congenital heart disease

A congenital malformation–eg, coarctation of aorta, VSD, ASD, tetraology of Fallot–of the heart or great blood vessels, which may or may not have clinical consequences. See Baby Faye heart, Shunt.
Congenital heart disease
Rightleft shunt Cyanotic shunt Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great vessels, trucus arteriosus, tricuspid valve atresia
Leftright shunt Acyanotic shunt Patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, aortic stenosis, pulmonary stenosis, aortic coarctation (NEJM 2000; 342:256rv)
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(rit) [AS. riht],

R; rt

1. Pert. to the dextral side of the body (the side away from the heart), which in most persons is the stronger or preferred. Synonym: dexter
2. Legal authority to supervise and control one's own actions or the actions of others.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Once again, the court upheld a negative right and ruled in favor of
citizens, (118) in practice they become negative rights, enforced only
Distinguishing Positive Rights from Negative Rights
While moral principles need not conflict with the actions of free market participants, acting in one's economic self-interest while simply not violating the negative rights of others falls far short of human flourishing.
Many writers also distinguish negative rights and positive rights--or, liberty rights and welfare rights.
The author's thesis is that, notwithstanding the desirability of positive rights, negative rights should generally prevail.
(171.) See generally supra note 1 (citing language in the TRIPS Agreement that implies a negative right).
Such rulings have shown that the rationality review standard used for the protection of negative rights against state action is inadequate for the review of state omission in implementing social rights.
(My positive right that you pay me the $5 you promised yesterday is engendered by our negative right to liberty: nothing forbids you from binding yourself to do that, but once you do, you of course thereby underwrite a positive claim on my part, requiring a positive action on yours.
At the same time, the negative right enjoyed by CLS protected its ability to assemble free from interference by the state.
(146) In enacting a scheme to regulate production, Parliament was required to reconcile the negative right of the accused to make full answer and defense and the complainant's negative rights to privacy, equality and security of the person.
Indeed, this makes sense given that while much of vestedness theory offers a positive right to a given law, others have argued that in fact a negative right from forum state intervention attaches under this theory.

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