The hug-up test, empty can (EC) test, full can (FC) test, Neer impingement sign, and Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign were used and compared statistically for their accuracy in terms of supraspinatus tears, with arthroscopic findings as the gold standard.
The results of 5 physical tests used to detect supraspinatus tears, including the hug-up test, EC test, FC test, Neer impingement sign, and Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign were prospectively evaluated.
Patients who show positive Neer impingement sign
, Hawkins-Kennedy test, Painful arc syndrome, Yocum manoeuvre.
Tests on the right shoulder showed positive result for Neer impingement sign
, Empty Can test, Hawkins Kenedy test and Speed test.
2) Investigators assessed 8 physical exam tests--the Neer impingement sign
, Hawkins-Kennedy impingement sign, painful arc sign, supraspinatus muscle strength test, Speed's test, cross-body adduction test, drop-arm sign, and infraspinatus muscle strength test--to determine their diagnostic utility.