needle exchange program


Also found in: Acronyms.

needle exchange program

Any program intended to slow the spread of AIDS (and hepatitis C) among IV drug abusers (IVDAs), in which a governmental or charitable agency exchanges sterile needles for dirty, potentially contaminated needles used by IVDAs when injecting (“shooting”) heroin or other substances.

needle exchange program

Syringe exchange program Public health Any program intended to slow the spread of AIDS among IV drug users, in which a governmental or charitable agency exchanges sterile needles for dirty, potentially HIV-contaminated needles used by IVDAs when 'shooting' heroin or other substances. See Intravenous drug use, Safe injection room.

needle exchange program

A public health program for collecting used hypodermic syringes and exchanging them for sterile ones. Such programs are designed to decrease the spread of diseases (like AIDS and hepatitis C) that are transmitted by the sharing of contaminated needles.

Patient care

Syringe-exchange programs not only reduce the spread of blood-borne illnesses but also serve as gateways to other vital medical services for patients at risk, e.g., drug abusers who want to stop, or pregnant women, the mentally ill, malnourished, or those who need vaccination. In its position statement on needle exchange and HIV/AIDS, the American Nursing Association states, “nurses support the availability of needle exchange programs (that) include adherence to public health and infection control guidelines, access for referral to treatment and rehabilitative services, and education about the transmission of HIV disease.” Health care professionals must be familiar with federal and state laws about needle exchange. Most programs operate by providing a single sterile needle for each contaminated needle brought in by a client. Contaminated needles brought to exchange programs are treated as biomedical waste products and are managed by these programs according to public health guidelines.

Synonym: syringe exchange program
References in periodicals archive ?
Given the current crisis in opioid abuse and task forces set up to try to address the problem, the time may have come for Worcester to consider having a needle exchange program.
Needle exchange programs and HIV outbreak among injection drug users in Vancouver, Canada: Addressing some common misperceptions.
Exposure to needle exchange programs reported by IDUs was still reasonably high ranging between 73 and 98 percent.
The January 2004 report of the Canadian Human Rights Commission recommended that Correctional Service Canada implement a pilot needle exchange program in three or more correctional facilities, with at least one being a women's facility.
Estimates say that there are up to 150 needle exchange programs operating in nearly all states, many without benefit of state legislation.
In research published in September's AJPH, more than 300 people using two Baltimore needle exchange programs reported being stopped by police a median of three times while going to or from the program sites.
The first HIV prevalence data collected among IDUs in Edmonton was completed in 1992 as part of an evaluation of the local needle exchange program.
New Hampshire is the only New England state that doesn't have a pilot needle exchange program," she points out.
The needle exchange program was eventually extended though 2016.
The new bill would create a defense that would allow an individual to argue in court that the syringe was obtained lawfully through the needle exchange program, but ultimately it would be up to a prosecutor to decide whether to press charges.
TORONTO -- A report by the Ontario Medical Association said that Canada should consider a needle exchange program to reduce the spread of communicable diseases inside prisons.
We've had a nearly 100 percent transition to heroin (among people) in our needle exchange program," Roberts told The Nation's Health.