The ongoing polemic about whether differences in individual responses to one's environment and behaviours are due either to genetics—i.e., nature—or to environment—i.e., nurture—or, as many believe, bits of both
Griese meanwhile follows the fate of a version of the nature-nurture debate, Morolf's demonstration in the Solomon and Morolf story that nature is stronger than nurture: the cat trained to hold a candle at dinner cannot resist dropping it to chase mice.
In the longstanding nature-nurture debate, poststructuralists stake out a position that's basically off the scale: Not only is all human behavior an artifact of environment, "nature" itself is a wholly ideological construct, a mystifying abstraction invoked to justify the status quo or some inevitably retrograde social arrangement.
The authors in the first section (Rutter & Schaffer) address the nature-nurture debate. The second section comprises four chapters in which longitudinal studies of vulnerability and resilience are reported.
An article in Science Writer magazine argued that the twin studies were "one more proof that parenting has its limits." And the Boston Globe announced that "geneticists now have ascendancy in the nature-nurture debate."
They show how psychology is embedded in particular sociohistorical contexts using a number of examples, among them IQ measurement, gender, ethics in psychology, parapsychology, and the nature-nurture debate. Other topics include race, psychology in service to the state, mental health, Freud, and everyday life.