National Research Act


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National Research Act

US legislation passed in 1974 which established the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioural Research, which was charged with defining principles and guidelines for human experimentation.
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The IRB was established by the federal government to protect the rights and interests of human subjects participating in scientific research and was authorized by Title II of the National Research Act of 1974 (P.L.
In 1974, the National Research Act (4) led to the development of Institutional Review Boards to oversee the conduct of human experimentation and research.
Eventually, society's awareness led in the United States to the 1974 National Research Act and the 1979 Belmont Report.
The National Research Act of 1974 mandated the establishment of institutional review boards for the independent review of research involving human subjects at institutions receiving federal support.
This article examines various privacy regulations, including the National Research Act, the Privacy Act, rulings by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Yet--mainly because of the intrusion of the volatile abortion issue--most fetal research has been halted, at least temporarily, since July 12, 1974, when the National Research Act (P.L.
The National Research Act, establishing guidelines for scientific research on humans, was signed by Pres.
Congress enacted the National Research Act of 1974 in response to revelations that for 40 years beginning in 1932, U.S.
The lawsuit and Congressional hearings on the study and other unethical human experiments generated support for the 1974 National Research Act, (12) which authorized federal agencies to develop regulations for protecting human research subjects.
Only weeks before his resignation, President Nixon signed the National Research Act and thereby created the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, to which Jonsen was appointed as one of eleven members.
National Research Act of 1974, underpinning the institutional review board (IRB) system, was quoted as a law that produced effective protection.
For many years after the 1974 National Research Act came into effect in the United States, it was assumed on this side of the water that American IRBs were not subject to such variation in operation and performance.
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