The President's FY2002 budget request for HHS included $250.6 million for bioterrorism preparedness: $181.9 million for CDC to upgrade its lab facilities, expand the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile, and award grants to state and local public health agencies for improving communications and preparedness; and $68.7 million for the HHS Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP) for bioterrorism-related activities.
[Section 211] National Adds a new Section 2812 to the PHS Act Pharmaceutical requiring the Secretary, in coordination Stockpile (NPS) with the VA Secretary, to maintain a National Pharmaceutical Stockpile of vaccines, drugs, medical devices and supplies to meet the nation's emergency public health needs.
For example, notes Deputy Chief Schwatz, "here in the Washington, D.C., metro area, we can have 50 tons of pharmaceuticals from the national pharmaceutical stockpile
brought in on a 747.
If sufficient quantities of antidote are not available, the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile at CDC maintains a mechanism to procure and deliver large quantities of pharmaceuticals to state health departments within 12 hours.
Div of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; National Pharmaceutical Stockpile Br, Div of Emergency and Environmental Health Svcs; Div of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects; National Center for Environmental Health, CDC.
Two investments made as a result of this workshop were the Laboratory Response Network for Bioterrorism and the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile
. These early investments were key components of the public health response to the 2001 bioterrorism-related anthrax outbreak.