naphthalene

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naphthalene

 [naf´thah-lēn]
a hydrocarbon from coal tar oil, used as a moth repellent, fungicide, and preservative; it is toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and ingestion.

naph·tha·lene

(naf'thă-lēn),
A carcinogenic and toxic hydrocarbon obtained from coal tar; used for many syntheses in industry and in some moth repellents; naphthalene can cause an attack of hemolytic anemia in people with a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase.
Synonym(s): naphthalin, tar camphor

naphthalene

Toxicology A crystal formed from 2 benzene rings, used for mothballs and insecticide Toxicity Headache, N&V, hematuria; if severe or prolonged exposure, cataracts, convulsions, hepatocellular necrosis and marked hemolysis, especially in Pts with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
References in periodicals archive ?
They let the tin drop when it became hot and apparently it ignited some napthalene residue.
New Kenflex A is said to meet stricter environmental and occupational health regulations regarding napthalene that go into effect in 2003 in the U.S.
In the process of turning coal into coke, benzene, kerosene, napthalene, lead, and arsenic, a dog's breakfast of hundreds of thousands of tons of chemical waste, including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), were dumped into a local estuary, Muggah Creek.
The instrument frequency calibration fell within range of the ASTM E1840-96 guideline using a napthalene standard.
A new patented color technology, Acetoxy Methyl Napthalene (AMN), imparts long-lasting color with minimal fading, says the spokeswoman, and is used in all three shades.
Ammonia: better known as a window cleaner, this is added to tobacco to get the nicotine into your system more quickly; Napthalene: a volatile gas also released by mothballs; Xylene: a chemical that used to be a standard ingredient in marker pens until studies showed it might be carcinogenic.
Not only did he find bacteria which digested normally hard to break down oil carcinogens like napthalene and anthracene, but also ones that made short work of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyl), industrial pollutants which have long been linked to cancer.
The heavy smell of napthalene hangs in the air; filters shade the fluorescent lights.
Chemical analysis (Australian Analytical Laboratories, Asquith, NSW, Australia) revealed that 5% v/v of a saturated solution of creosote contained 1 mg/1 total polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) (napthalene, 280 [micro]gram]/l; anthracene, 250 [[micro]gram]/l; phenanthrene, 150 [[micro]gram]/l; acenapthene, 93 [[micro]gram]/l; remaining PAHs [less than] 80 [[micro]gram]/l).
Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons or PAH are composed of a number of benzene rings, such as napthalene with two benzene rings: [FORMULA DATA OMITTED]
Somecontain one or more of three AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS:toluene, xylene, and napthalene -- and possiblyone ALIPATHATIC HYDROCARBON: n-heptane, and/orone ANESTHETIC: methylene chloride.
At foundry A, napthalene was detected in one of four samples from well 2A.