The (https://elifesciences.org/articles/31157) open-access paper is titled "Naked mole-rat
mortality rates defy Gompertzian laws by not increasing with age" and it appeared online Jan.
Thus, a naked mole-rat colony may be characterized as a superorganism with a superordinate system of cybernetic control (`government').
The Biology of the Naked Mole-Rat. Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ.
Naked mole-rats eke out a living under the nearly blind but ever-vigilant eye of a queen.
All this adds up to the fact that naked mole-rats fit the strict definition of a 'eusocial' animal: At least two generations live and work together; the family participates in taking care of the young; and only a very few members ever reproduce.
In the new study, the researchers exposed naked mole-rats to low oxygen conditions in the laboratory and found that they released large amounts of fructose into the bloodstream.
The scientists also showed that naked mole-rats are protected from another deadly aspect of low oxygen -- a buildup of fluid in the lungs called pulmonary edema that afflicts mountain climbers at high altitude.
Additionally, the researchers showed naked mole-rats are immune to pulmonary edema - a fluid buildup in the lungs seen in mountain climbers at high altitudes.
Unless you happen to be a naked mole-rat, in which case you simply change your metabolism to that of a plant.
The researchers placed naked mole-rats
in a system of cages in which some areas contained air with acidic fumes.
Caption: Most naked mole-rats
never have babies, but a queen can have three litters a year with a dozen pups each.
To gauge whether or not the naked mole-rats
were responding physiologically to the acidic environment, the scientists measured a protein called c-Fos, which can help determine if nerve cells are firing.