nabothian cyst

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na·both·i·an cyst

a retention cyst that develops when a mucous gland of the cervix uteri is obstructed; of no pathologic significance.
Synonym(s): nabothian follicle

nabothian cyst

Etymology: Martin Naboth, German physician, 1675-1721; Gk, kystis, bag
a cyst formed in a nabothian gland of the uterine cervix. It is a common finding on routine pelvic examination of women of reproductive age, especially in women who have borne children. The cyst, which is white to yellow with normal branching vessels, seldom results in adverse or pathological effects. Also called cervical cyst.

Nabothian cyst

Gynecology A cyst-like space consisting of entrapped mucus from secreting columnar villae under the developing squamous epithelium

na·both·i·an cyst

(nă-bō'thē-ăn sist)
A retention cyst that develops when a mucous gland of the cervix uteri is obstructed; of no pathologic significance.
Synonym(s): nabothian follicle.


Martin, German anatomist and physician, 1675-1721.
nabothian cyst - a retention cyst that develops when a mucous gland of the cervix uteri is obstructed. Synonym(s): nabothian follicle
nabothian follicle - Synonym(s): nabothian cyst
nabothian gland


1. a closed epithelium-lined sac or capsule containing a liquid or semi-solid substance. Most cysts are harmless but they occasionally may change into malignant growths, become infected, or obstruct a gland. There are four main types of cysts: retention cysts, exudation cysts, embryonic cysts and parasitic cysts. See also specific locations and organs.
2. a stage in the life cycle of certain parasites, during which they are enveloped in a protective wall. See also cystic.

aneurysmal cyst
see bone cyst.
blood c's
these are found in the carcasses of poultry at meat inspection. They are small round cystic lesions containing blood. They are hemangiomas.
branchial cyst, branchiogenic cyst, branchiogenous cyst
one formed from an incompletely closed branchial cleft. See also branchial cyst.
cervical c's
retention cysts of glands in the uterine cervix in the cow, are palpable as fluctuating masses on rectal examination. Called also nabothian cyst or follicle.
chocolate cyst
one filled with hemosiderin following local hemorrhage.
cutaneous cyst
see epidermal cyst, dermoid cyst, follicular cyst, sebaceous cyst.
daughter cyst
one that develops within a parent cyst, e.g. hydatid cyst.
dentigerous cyst
see dental cyst.
echinococcus cyst
hydatid cyst.
embryonic cyst
one developing from bits of embryonic tissue that have been overgrown by other tissues, or from developing organs that normally disappear before birth. An example is a branchial cyst.
epidermal inclusion cyst
see epithelial inclusion.
exudation cyst
a cyst formed by the slow seepage of an exudate into a closed cavity.
fatty cyst
formed when fat accumulates in large amounts and the cells break down forming a central mass of lipid surrounded by a multinuclear rim.
follicular cyst
one due to occlusion of the duct of a follicle or small gland, especially one formed by enlargement of a graafian follicle as a result of accumulated transudate.
Gartner's duct cyst
see cystic gartner's ducts.
horn cyst
intracutaneous cystic accumulations of keratin. Seen in trichoepitheliomas and basal cell tumors. Called also keratin cyst.
hybrid cyst
one combining elements of epidermoid and trichilemmal cysts.
hydatid cyst
the larval stage (metacestode) of the tapeworms Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis. See also hydatid disease.
inclusion cyst
see epidermal cyst.
interdigital c's
see pododermatitis; interdigital pyoderma.
keratin cyst
one arising in the pilosebaceous apparatus, lined by stratified squamous epithelium and containing largely macerated keratin and often sufficient sebum to render the contents greasy and often rancid.
lateral cervical cyst
see branchial cyst.
luteal c's
develop from ovarian follicles which fail to rupture but have a lining of luteal cells. Anestrus is the presenting clinical sign.
marine fish c's
worldwide occurrence in fish of round nodules in fibrous capsules; the cause is unknown.
meibomian cyst
mesenteric cyst
congenital, thin-walled cyst between the leaves of the mesentery; may enlarge and cause colic or even intestinal obstruction.
cyst mites
see laminosioptescysticola.
cyst of Morgagni
nabothian cyst
see cervical cyst (above).
orbital cyst
ovarian cyst
see cystic ovarian disease.
parasitic cyst
one forming around larval parasites (tapeworms, amebae, trichinae) that enter the body.
pseudohorn cyst
invagination of hyperplastic epidermis; not a true cyst.
retention cyst
a tumor-like accumulation of a secretion formed when the outlet of a secreting gland is obstructed. These cysts may develop in any of the secretory glands—the mammae, pancreas, kidney, salivary or sebaceous glands, and mucous membranes. See also renal retention cysts.
sarcosporidian c's
cylindrical cysts (schizonts) containing bradyzoites, found in the muscles of those infected with Sarcocystis spp.
subconjunctival cyst, conjunctival cyst
misplaced secretory tissue which causes a slowly enlarging, fluctuant subconjunctival mass.
uveal cyst
an acquired or congenital structure which may arise from the iris or the ciliary body. Visible as a mass attached to the iris or may be floating freely in the anterior chamber. Those arising from the ciliary body may not be visible. Seen most commonly in horses. See also iris cyst.
vitelline cyst
a congenital cyst lined with ciliated epithelium occurring along the gastrointestinal canal; the remains of the omphalomesenteric duct.