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storage lesion

Transfusion medicine The constellation of changes occurring in a unit of packed red cells during storage. See Red cell preservatives.
Storage lesions
Ammonium to 470 µmol/L–US: 800 µg/dL
Free Hb in plasma from 82 to 6580 mg/L–US: 8.2 to 658 mg/dL
K+ from 4.2 to 78.5 mmol/L–US: 4.2 to 78.5 mEq/L
ATP from 100% to 45%
2,3 DPG to < 10% of original levels–replenished within 24 hours of transfusion
Labile proteins, eg complement, fibronectin and coagulation factors ↓ to negligible
Na+ from 169 to 111 mmol/L–US: 169 to 111 mEq/L
pH from 7.6 to 6.7
Adverse physiologic effects of stored blood is negligible in the absence of a previous compromise of the Pt's–recipient's status

critical value

Critical results Lab medicine A lab result from a Pt that must be reported immediately to care provider, which may require urgent therapeutic action. See Decision levels.
Critical values in the laboratory
Analyte  SI units US units
Calcium < 1.65 mmol/L  < 6.6 mg/dl
   > 2.22 mmol/L   > 12.9 mg/dl
Glucose  < 2.60 mmol/L  < 46 mg/dl
       > 26.9 mmol/L   > 484 mg/dl
K+  < 2.8 mmol/L  < 2.8 mEq/L
    > 6.2 mmol/L  > 6.2 mEq/L
      > 8.0 mmol/L if hemolyzed
Na+   < 120 mmol/L  < 120 mEq/L
      > 158 mmol/L  > 158 mEq/L
CO2 –plasma  < 11 mmol/L  < 11 mMol
   > 40 mmol/L  > 40 mMol
Hematology, eg blasts or sickle cells on peripheral smear, may indicate leukemia or sickle cell anemia
Microbiology, eg positive gram stain or culture from blood, serosal fluids or CSF, acid-fast stain or positive mycobacterial culture results
Transfusion medicine Incompatible cross-match, positive VDRL
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Patient discussion about Na+

Q. What steps do you take when your physician says your sodium is low

A. Drugs That May Be Prescribed By Your Doctor for Hyponatremia(low sodium):

Sodium levels must be corrected carefully. If your blood test results indicate you have a very low sodium level, your healthcare provider will cautiously correct the levels, to a "safe level."

Intravenous (IV) fluids with a high-concentration of sodium, and/or diuretics to raise your blood sodium levels.

Loop Diuretics - also known as "water pills" as they work to raise blood sodium levels, by making you urinate out extra fluid. The fluid that is lost (called "free water") is usually replaced with an IV solution that contains a high level of sodium.

A common example of this type of medication is Furosemide (e.g Lasix). You may receive this medication alone or in combination with other medications.

More discussions about Na+
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