neurolinguistic programming

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Neurolinguistic Programming

 

Definition

Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) is aimed at enhancing the healing process by changing the conscious and subconscious beliefs of patients about themselves, their illnesses, and the world. These limiting beliefs are "reprogrammed" using a variety of techniques drawn from other disciplines including hypnotherapy and psychotherapy.

Purpose

Neurolinguistic programming has been used to change the limiting beliefs of patients about their prospects of recovery from a wide variety of medical conditions including Parkinson's disease, AIDS, migraines, arthritis, and cancer. Practitioners claim to be able to cure most phobias in less than one hour, and to help in making lifestyle changes regarding exercise, diet, smoking, etc. NLP has also been used to treat allergies. In other fields, claimed benefits include improved relationships, communication, motivation, and business performance.

Description

Origins

NLP was originally developed during the early 1970s by linguistics professor John Grinder and psychology and mathematics student Richard Bandler, both of the University of California at Santa Cruz.
Studying the well-known psychotherapist Virginia Satir, the hypnotherapist Milton Erickson, the anthropologist Gregory Bateson, and others whom they considered "charismatic superstars" in their fields, Grinder and Bandler identified psychological, linguistic and behavioral characteristics that they said contributed to the greatness of these individuals. On the other hand, they found that persons experiencing emotional difficulties could be similarly identified by posture, breathing pattern, choice of words, voice tone, eye movements, body language, and other characteristics.
Grinder and Bandler then focused on using these indicators to analyze and alter patterns of thought and behavior. After publishing their findings in two books in 1975, Grinder and Bandler parted company with themselves, with a number of other collaborators, and with the University of California, continuing their work on NLP outside the formal world of academia. As a result, NLP split into a number of competing schools.
Popularized by television "infomercial" personality Anthony Robbins and others, NLP was quickly adopted in management and self-improvement circles. During the 1990s, there was growing interest in NLP's healing potential.
In a health-care context, practitioners of neurolinguistic programming first seek to identify the negative attitudes and beliefs with which a client has been "programmed" since birth. This is accomplished by asking questions and observing physical responses such as changes in skin color, muscle tension, etc. Then, a wide variety of techniques is employed to "reprogram" limiting beliefs. For example, clients with chronic illness such as AIDS or cancer might be asked to displace the despair and loss of identity caused by the disease by visualizing themselves in vigorous health. Treatment by NLP practitioners is often of shorter duration than that of other alternative practitioners, but NLP self-help seminars and courses can be quite expensive.
For those who wish to try self-treatment with NLP, a wide variety of books, audio tapes, and videos are available.

Precautions

NLP is particularly popular in the self-improvement and career-development fields, and some trainers and practitioners have little experience in its use for healing. Practitioners should be specifically asked about this.
Because NLP is intended to enhance the healing process, it should not be used independently of other healing methods. In all cases of serious illness, a physician should be consulted.

Side effects

NLP is believed to be generally free of harmful side effects.

Research and general acceptance

Although some physicians and mental health practitioners employ principles of neurolinguistic programming, the field is generally considered outside of mainstream medical practice and academic thinking.

Resources

Organizations

Association for NLP. PO Box 78, Stourbridge, UK DY8 2YP.
International NLP Trainers Association, Ltd. Coombe House, Mill Road, Fareham, Hampshire, UK PO16 0TN. (044) 01489 571171.
Society of Neuro-Lingustic Programming. PO Box 424, Hopatcong, NJ 07843. (201) 770-3600.

neurolinguistic programming

a branch of cognitive-behavioral psychology employing specific techniques, which use language to access the unconscious to change a patient's internal states or external behaviors.

neurolinguistic programming

a complementary therapeutic strategy based on the premise that thought is a representation of sensory experience and that behavior can be modified to achieve a desired result by changing the patient's thought patterns and mental strategies to give the patient more choices in problem solving. It is used for behavior modification and the management of psychosomatic disorders and stress.

neurolinguistic programming

Alternative psychology
A behaviour modification technique developed in 1975 by Richard Bandler and John Grinder, which is based on a reciprocal relationship said to exist between a person’s behaviour and the external manifestations of his or her personality, including vocal tone, posture, eye movements and physiology.

neu·ro·lin·guis·tic pro·gram·ming

(nūr'ō-ling-gwis'tik prō'gram-ing)
A branch of cognitive-behavioral psychology employing specific techniques, which use language to access the unconscious to change a client's internal states or external behaviors.
References in periodicals archive ?
The influence of pH for percentage adsorption of MBD onto activated NLP and NLP was represented in Fig.
NLP founders Richard Bandler and John Grinder, though widely criticized for failing to present scientific evidence proving the efficacy of their methods, have nonetheless gained a worldwide following among therapists and management workshops.
They studied (or to use NLP terms, 'modelled') the language and approaches of some outstanding therapists, including Milton Erickson, Virginia Satir, Frank Farrelly and Fritz Perls.
Now an NLP practitioner herself, she attributes much of her success to the therapy.
The NLP practitioner course consists of four modules over 12 days.
NLP was co-founded by Richard Bandler and linguist John Grinder, who also coined the term, in the 1970s.
NLP said that its main focus remained on cash flow and operations and development of existing properties and customer relations.
Alice Ross, who graduated from the NLP in February, said the program "increased my awareness of the skills and competencies I needed to work on, to better work with others outside of the areas I was used to.
Prince headed the French National University Council for Computer Science and leads the NLP research team at the Laboratoire d'Informatique, de Robotique et de Microelectronique de Montpelier.
Metodology NLP was then applied with great success in the communication(Dilts, Robert 1983) and solve problems in fields such as management and business environment in general, artificial intelligence, education, sports or organizational development and, of course, personal development and leadership.
Now Dawn helps others as an NLP practitioner at her Brain Train Academy in Edinburgh.