NIOSH


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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

 (NIOSH)
an organizational component of the centers for disease control and prevention, charged with ensuring safety and health for all people in the workplace through research and prevention.

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health, see there.
NIOSH Recommendations for Safety & Health Standards
Agent  NIOSH REL*/OSHA PEL  Health effects
Acetylene ≤2500 ppm/2500 ppm Asphyxia
Alkanes-octane 75 ppm (≤385 15 min)/500 ppm Skin, CNS
Ammonia 50 ppm/50 ppm Respiratory and ocular irritant
Benzene  0.1 ppm, TWA†† (< 1 ppm 15 min)/
   1 ppm, TWA (<5 ppm 15 min) Leukemia
Carbon tetrachloride 2 ppm ceiling/20 ppm (100 ppm 30 min) Liver cancer
Chlorine  0.5 ppm (15 min)/1 ppm (15 min) Respiratory and ocular irritant
Ethylene oxide 0.1 TWA (5 ppm 10 min)/1 ppm TWA Mutations, leukemia, mesothelioma
Formaldehyde 0.16 ppm (1 ppm 15 min)/
   1 ppm, TWA (2 ppm 15 min) Nasal cancer
Hydrogen cyanide 4.7 ppm (10 min ceiling)/10 ppm Blood, thyroid, respiratory effects
Hydrogen sulfide 10 ppm/20 ppm (50 ppm 10min) Irritation-CNS, respiratory effects
Methylene chloride As low as possible/500 ppm  Cancer
 (2000 ppm 5 min)
Nitric oxide 2 ppm/2ppm Dental erosion, nasal, lung irritation
Nitroglycerin 0.1 mg/m3 (20 min)/2 mg/m3  Circulatory effects
Phenol  5.2 ppm (15.6 15 min)/5 ppm Skin, eye, CNS, liver, kidney effects
Sulfuric acid 1 mg/m3/ 1 mg/m3 avoid skin & eye contact Pulmonary irritation
Toluene  100 ppm (200 ppm 10 min)/
   200 ppm (500 ppm 10 min) CNS depression
Xylene  100 ppm (200 ppm 10 min)/100 ppm CNS depression, lung irritation
*Relative exposure limit
Permissible exposure limit
††8 hr-time weighted average; all time values refer to 'ceiling' levels
Complete NIOSH table is available from Pubs Dissemination, Div Standards Development & Tech Transfer, NIOSH, 4676 Colombia Pkwy, 45226 ☎ 1.513.533.8287

NIOSH

(nī'osh)

NIOSH

Abbreviation for National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.
References in periodicals archive ?
The NIOSH EPR Program participates in response planning at the local, state, national, and international levels to ensure the timely identification of health hazards associated with emergency responses and implementation of adequate protection measures; support the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) emergency response efforts; and use the Disaster Science Responder Research Program to identify research needs to protect emergency response and recovery workers while identifying solutions to rapidly support research during emergencies.
The Alliance will foster technical exchange and information sharing among RIA members, OSHA, NIOSH, employers, and workers concerning hazards that may be present around industrial robot systems.
According to NIOSH, the Grand Challenge consists of several initiatives, including the development, testing and scaling for entirely new forms of PPE--or modifications to PPE already on the market--that address issues of protection, heat stress and comfort.
workers still smoke and far too many nonsmoking workers are still exposed to secondhand smoke at work," said NIOSH Director John Howard, MD, JD, LLM, MPH.
The sample is then sent to a laboratory to be analyzed for elemental carbon (EC) and total carbon (TC) using NIOSH method 5040.
The dispute stems from a NIOSH review of a poultry production plant in South Carolina, where USDA is testing its new poultry inspection system.
The Nanotechnology Research Center of the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in Cincinnati coordinates a program of laboratory and field investigation of practices and recommendations for safe handling of nanoscale materials such as graphene, clay, silica, and carbon.
However, a study by the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) found that workers at 11 hydraulic fracturing sites in five states were exposed to high levels of crystalline silica dust.
On April 24, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) published guidelines recommending limiting worker exposure to carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and carbon nanofibers (CNFs) to only one microgram per cubic meter of air per eight-hour workday.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) defines hazardous drugs as drugs that have the following characteristics: carcinogenicity, teratogenicity or other developmental toxicity, reproductive toxicity, organ toxicity at low doses and genotoxicity.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a confidential employee request for a Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) at an electronics manufacturer specializing in printed circuit board fabrication, assembly, and testing for different end-user applications (sidebar).