doping

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dop·ing

(dōp'ing),
The administration of foreign substances to an individual; often used in reference to athletes who try to stimulate physical and psychological strength.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

doping

(dō′pĭng)
n.
The use of a drug, such as a steroid or a blood product, such as erythropoietin, to improve athletic performance.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Sports medicine Any use of drugs and other nonfood substances to improve performance; the Olympic Committee defines doping as one or more anti-doping rule violations set forth in Article 2.1-2.8, IOC Anti-Doping Rules
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

doping

Sports medicine Popular for the use of drugs and other nonfood substances to improve performance. See Anabolic steroids, Blood doping, Weight training.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

dop·ing

(dōp'ing)
The administration of foreign substances to a human or animal; often used in reference to athletes who try to enhance physiologic function and exercise performance.
See also: blood doping
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Brendel, "Back-junction back-contact n-type silicon solar cells with screen-printed aluminum-alloyed emitter," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
Szepessy, "Efficient sprayed [In.sub.2][O.sub.3]: Sn n-type silicon heterojunction solar cell," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
In spite of the definite advantages of n-type silicon, p-type silicon comprises 85% of industrial silicon solar cells.
In order to realize a [p.sup.+] emitter on n-type silicon wafer, three kinds of methods are usually applied: (i) boron-diffused emitter, (ii) Al-alloyed emitter, and (iii) heterojunction using p-type a-Si [5].
Therefore, PERL with n-type silicon wafers attracts researchers' great attention recently and will dominate the crystalline Si solar cell in the near future [4,5].