doping

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dop·ing

(dōp'ing),
The administration of foreign substances to an individual; often used in reference to athletes who try to stimulate physical and psychological strength.

doping

(dō′pĭng)
n.
The use of a drug, such as a steroid or a blood product, such as erythropoietin, to improve athletic performance.
Sports medicine Any use of drugs and other nonfood substances to improve performance; the Olympic Committee defines doping as one or more anti-doping rule violations set forth in Article 2.1-2.8, IOC Anti-Doping Rules

doping

Sports medicine Popular for the use of drugs and other nonfood substances to improve performance. See Anabolic steroids, Blood doping, Weight training.

dop·ing

(dōp'ing)
The administration of foreign substances to a human or animal; often used in reference to athletes who try to enhance physiologic function and exercise performance.
See also: blood doping
References in periodicals archive ?
Brendel, "Back-junction back-contact n-type silicon solar cells with screen-printed aluminum-alloyed emitter," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
Szepessy, "Efficient sprayed [In.sub.2][O.sub.3]: Sn n-type silicon heterojunction solar cell," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
In spite of the definite advantages of n-type silicon, p-type silicon comprises 85% of industrial silicon solar cells.
In order to realize a [p.sup.+] emitter on n-type silicon wafer, three kinds of methods are usually applied: (i) boron-diffused emitter, (ii) Al-alloyed emitter, and (iii) heterojunction using p-type a-Si [5].
Therefore, PERL with n-type silicon wafers attracts researchers' great attention recently and will dominate the crystalline Si solar cell in the near future [4,5].