is sometimes referred to as the myside bias. Because of a preference for
that the myside bias is not related to intelligence, but is influenced
actually more prone to the myside bias, for they often overvalue their
"Myside bias," or confirmation bias in the psychology books, is the tendency to ignore opinions that are contrary to your own.
Myside bias defeats healthy communication processes.
If managers are not in touch with publics outside of their immediate circle, and if they don't encourage independent thinking within the circle, then they are at constant risk of myside bias.
Distin does address this distinction in her discussion of how education might enhance the tendency to use one's metarepresentational capacity, citing work that shows that people high in general intelligence do better at avoiding myside bias
when cued to do so (Toplak and Stanovich, 'Associations between Myside Bias
on an Informal Reasoning Task and Amount of Postsecondary Education', Applied Cognitive Psychology 17 , 851-60).
leads us to favor our own interests (Stanovich, 2009); confirmation bias leads us to embrace whatever supports our own position and to discount unfavorable evidence (Tavris and Aronson, 2007); perseverance bias leads us to favor our initial beliefs even when disconfirming evidence is presented (Philips, 2008).