myristicin


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my·ris·ti·cin

(mi-ris'ti-sin),
A constituent of nutmeg thought to be responsible, at least in part, for the bizarre central nervous system symptoms produced by the ingestion of large amounts of nutmeg.

myristicin

An aromatic phenylpropene ether with anticholinergic and psychoactive properties, which is extracted from nutmeg. Excess consumption of nutmeg results in delirium and disorientation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nutmeg oil also contains small amounts of a variety of aromatic ethers and phenolic compounds such as elemicin, myristicin, methyl eugenol and safrole which is used in variety of aromatic-based products.
Dill consists of flavonoids like kaempferol, myristicin, and vicenin.
Unfortunately that spice contains a compound called Myristicin which can poison dogs if consumed in large amounts - such as might happen if your pet were to raid your baked goods.
Caption: Figure 1: A typical HPLC chromatograph showing the standard mixture of phenolic compounds, i.e., [1] caffeic acid, [2] resorcinol, [6] vanillic acid, [7] p-coumaric acid, [9] ferulic acid, [10] vanillin, [11] veratric acid, [4] myristicin, [5] coumarin, and cinnamic acid.
Consuming two whole nuts can be fatal; myristicin is the substance responsible toxicity and hallucinogenic effects.
55 1518 1517 Myristicin 2.4 56 1513 1513 [gamma]-Cadinene 57 1516 1520 7-epi-[alpha]-Selinene 58 1501 1511 [delta]-Amorphene 0.3 59 1518 1522 [delta]-Cadinene 0.4 60 1530 1545 Propiopiperone 61 1544 1548 Elemol 62 1554 1555 Elemicin 1.4 63 1559 1561 (E)-Nerolidol 0.5 64 1571 1577 Spathulenol 0.5 65 1576 1582 Caryophyllene oxide 1.5 66 1580 1601 [alpha]-Cedrol 67 1582 1590 Globulol 68 1584 1592 Viridiflorol 1.2 69 1593 1624 Selina-6-en-4-ol 70 1606 -- n.i.
The main constituents are monoterpene hydrocarbons; mainly camphene, pinene, cymene and myristicin. It is a prostaglandin inhibitor, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrhoeal, sedative and a digestive stimulant.
The composition of anise oil from Illicium verum resembles that of anise oil obtained from Pimpinella anisum but also contains trace quantities of safrole and myristicin [19].
Additionally, phenyl propanoids such as myristicin, present in different Apiaceae (Hall, 1973), may contribute to neurological effects (Hallstrom and Thuvander, 1997).
Upon GC/MS analysis essential oil contained thirty compounds eluted on a DB-1-1022 column such as 1R-a-Pinene, b-Pinene, D-Limonene, b-Phellandrene, b-Terpinyl acetate, T-Terpinene, p-Cymene, Dehydro-p-cymene, cis-b-Terpineol, Trans-p-Metha-2,8-dienal, 4-Terpineol, Trans-dihydrocarvone, a-Terpineol, D-Carvone, Carvone, Cis-p-Menth-1-en-3-ol, 2,3-Epoxycarene, L-cis-Sabinol, p-Cymen-8-ol, cis-Carveol, Estragole, 2-Pinen-4-one, 2-Allyl-4-methyl phenol, O-tert-butyl Phenol, Thymol, Carvacrol, Elemicin, Myristicin, Apiol, Methoxyeugenol and Limonene-6-ol, pivalate (Table 5).