Myristica fragrans


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Related to Myristica fragrans: Withania somnifera, Mucuna pruriens

nutmeg

Herbal medicine
A tropical tree, the seeds of which are astringent, carminative and sedative in small doses.
 
Sports medicine
A regional slang term for the kicking of a football (soccer ball) through another person’s legs.

Toxicology
Nutmeg is toxic in large doses due to its content of myristicin, which can cause hallucinations, dehydration, delirium, disorientation, nausea, convulsions, palpitations and death; it is contraindicated in pregnancy.

Myristica fragrans

(mi-ris′tĭ-kă)
An evergreen tree whose fruit produces the spice nutmeg. The tissue surrounding this seed is used for a variety of culinary purposes and in folk medicine.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fruits and seeds of Myristica fragrans, seeds of Nigella sativa, fruits and seeds of Piper longum, leaves of Vitex negundo, and rhizomes of Zingiber officinale were collected from local herbal stores in Savar, Dhaka or from the medicinal plant garden at Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Bangladesh.
100g bark of Crataeva nurvala is made into a paste along with 10g stems of Ichnocarpus frutescens, 10g roots of Achyranthes aspera, 10g roots of Sida rhombifolia, 3 heads of Anabas testudineus fish (Bengali: koi), 1 dried seed kernel of Myristica fragrans, and one spleen from a chicken.
"Biological effects of Myristica fragrans (nutmeg) extract," Phytother Res, Vol.13(4), pp.344-45
Igualmente esta especie se alimenta de las vainas y semillas, y en algunas ocasiones en ramas secas, de una amplia variedad de hospedantes entre los cuales los mas importantes son: el algarrobo Hymenaea courbaril (Caesalpinaceae), tamarindo Tamarindus indica (Caesalpinaceae), clavellino Caesalpina pulcherrima (Caesalpinaceae), nuez moscada Myristica fragrans (Myristicaceae), nuez del brasil Bertholletia excelsa (Lecythidaceae), yarumo Cecropia sp.
[Tanaka & Tanaka, 1977], and Myristica fragrans Houtt.
[9] Shibu M.P., Uma Shaankar, R., Ganeshaiah, K.N., Ravishankar, K.V and Anand L.(2001) "Identification of sex specific DNA markers in dioecious tree, nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.)".
An analogy exists with nutmeg, from Myristica fragrans Houttuyn, which is used as a psychoactive drug and contains a number of aromatic ethers in the essential oil fraction, most notably myristicin (3-methoxy-4,5-methylenedioxysubstituted) and elemicin (3,4,5-trimethoxysubstituted).
The 21 essential oils tested were: aniseed (Pimpinella anisum), calamus (Acorus calamus), camphor (Cinnamomuum camphora), cedarwood (Cedrus atlantica), cinnamon (Cinnamonuum zeylanicum), citronella (Cymbopogon nardus), clove (Eugenia caryophyllus), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), geranium (Pelargonium graveolens), lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), lemon (Citrus limon), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), lime (Citrus aurantium), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), orange (Citrus sinensis), palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini), peppermint (Mentha piperita), rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) basil (Ocimum sanctum), vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) and wintergreen (Gaultheria fragrantissima).
43 The seed of Myristica fragrans of the Spice Islands yields nutmeg - but what spice is obtained from the same tree's fruit covering?