myofascial pain syndrome


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Related to myofascial pain syndrome: Myofascial Release

myofascial pain syndrome

A chronic, nonprogressive, nondegenerative and non-inflammatory musculoskeletal pain syndrome, which is characterised by local or referred pain evoked at multiple trigger points and accompanied by stiffness, weakness, “knot formation”, and decreased range of motion in precise, specific patterns.
 
Clinical findings
Generalised pain—head, neck, chest, joints, pelvis, back, sciatica.
 
Management
Three-step analgesic ladder: injection with local anaesthetics, steroids, anti-inflammatories.

Mechanism
Possibly autonomic dysfunction.

myofascial pain syndrome

(mī″ă-făsh′ăl, shē-ăl),

MFP

A chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder characterized by the presence of trigger points; decreased range of motion in affected muscle groups; weakness; and, on occasion, local autonomic disturbances such as localized perspiration.
References in periodicals archive ?
28 patients (no gender specified) 2014 age 20-46 with the diagnosis of 4/10 myofascial pain syndrome of upper trapezius for at least 2 months 10.
The knowledge of the anatomic localization of the gluteus maximus muscle nerve entry points will help understand the physiopathology and improve treatments in both clinical and surgical contexts, such as myofascial pain syndrome and relation to myofascial trigger points, treatment of chronic pain, and surgical approaches to the hip.
While myofascial pain syndrome is complex in its presentation, the onset and persistence of myofascial pain syndrome are known to be caused by myofascial trigger points [4].
Fibromyalgia & Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome: A Survival Manual
Myofascial Pain Syndrome associated with Trigger Points: a literatura review.
Forty patients with an average age of 75 years were selected, and all participants suffered from chronic myofascial pain syndrome in their upper trapezius.
Based upon presentations at the International MYOPAIN conference of July 2004, the articles cover such issues as myofascial pain syndrome, including several discussing trigger points, fibromyalgia, including novel therapies, painful myopathies and idiopathic low back pain.
When two German researchers published results of their look at music's effect on the chronic pain associated with fibromyalgia, myofascial pain syndrome and polyarthritis in 1997, they noted the lack of research on the subject.
It is especially useful if you have pain due to shingles, cancer, sciatica, stenosis, back pain, neck pain, peripheral vascular disease, or myofascial pain syndrome. Side effects include bloating, increased appetite, a change in blood pressure and blood sugar, and mood swings.
Opioids also do not provide any long-term benefit to fibromyalgia patients or to those with neuralgic pain; myofascial pain syndrome; or chronic, stable, nonmalignant pain such as back pain.
The most common types of pain were axial spine pain, diffuse pain diagnosed as a fibromyalgia or myofascial pain syndrome, and mixed pain resulting from previous trauma or surgery.