mycosis

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mycosis

 [mi-ko´sis]
any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des a chronic or rapidly progressive form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (formerly thought to be of fungal origin), which in some cases evolves into generalized lymphoma. It may be divided generally into three successive stages: premycotic, associated with intensely pruritic eruptions; infiltrated plaques, or mycotic, characterized by the presence of abnormal mononuclear cells (Sézary cells); and mushroom-like tumors that often ulcerate. The tumor stage (d'emblée type) may develop without preceding lesions or prodromal symptoms.
opportunistic mycosis a fungal or funguslike disease occurring as an opportunistic infection. Fungi that may become opportunistic pathogens include species of Aspergillus, Candida, Mucor, and Cryptococcus. Successful treatment of opportunistic mycoses depends on identification of the specific organism causing the infection. Without effective therapy a systemic infection of this type can be fatal.

my·co·sis

, pl.

my·co·ses

(mī-kō'sis, -sēz),
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs)
n. pl. myco·ses (-sēz)
1. A fungal infection in or on a part of the body.
2. A disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

A fungal infection; the most common mycosis in the US is candidiasis, caused by C albicans, commonly vaginal in adult ♀, oral in children, and esophageal in AIDS and immunocompromise

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs) [″ + osis, condition]
Any disease induced by a fungus, or resembling a fungal disease.

mycosis fungoides

Abbreviation: MF
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, esp. when the disease is first clinically apparent on the skin. The skin is marked by irregularly shaped macules, plaques, or nodules, which usually first appear on the trunk and may sometimes cause considerable itching. The rash may be difficult to diagnose or may be misdiagnosed as another form of dermatitis. Biopsy specimens may reveal atypical-appearing lymphocytes in the epidermis or collections of malignant lymphocytes in clusters called Pautrier's microabscesses. Eventually (e.g., 10 or more years after diagnosis), the malignant cells disseminate throughout the skin and into lymph nodes and internal organs.

Treatment

Topical nitrogen mustard, phototherapy with psoralens and ultraviolet light, systemic chemotherapy, interferons, extracorporeal phototherapy, and electron beam radiation of the skin have all been used. The disease may be curable when treated in its very earliest stage.

NOTE

The name “mycosis fungoides” is deceptive, as the disease is not fungal in origin.

superficial mycosis

Any of a group of fungus infections of the skin. Included in this group are erythrasma, tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea favosa, tinea pedis, tinea unguium, and trichomycosis axillaris.
Enlarge picture
SYSTEMIC MYCOSIS: Cryptococcosis of lung; arrows indicate fungus (orig. mag. ×450)

systemic mycosis

Any of a group of deep fungus infections involving various bodily systems or regions. Included in this group are aspergillosis, blastomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, geotrichosis, histoplasmosis, maduromycosis, moniliasis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, penicilliosis, rhinosporidiosis, and sporotrichosis. See: illustration
illustration

mycosis

Any disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

an animal disease caused by fungal infection.

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

Patient discussion about mycosis

Q. What is the best way to treat fungal infection so it wont come back every year at the same time?? I don't know where I got it from- maybe caught it in a public shower,some people say it develops while the foot is in the shoe for long hours- I'm not sure- but every fall, for like 5 years now, I've been having this fungal infection in a few spots in my feet. usually in the same exact spots and ewvery year another one show up. what to do to make it go away?? it's real ugly and itchy, can't stand it. any help would be appreciated...

A. i also used to have fungal infections (Athlete's foot). i just applied a topical anti fungal cream to treat it and then continued applying it for prevention and started to use sandals in public showers. and thank god, i don't have any now.

More discussions about mycosis
References in periodicals archive ?
(5), (19) Medical interventions for systemic mycoses include various medications, surgery, and chemotherapy.
(1-4) Fungi are a diverse group of organisms, ranging from microscopic unicellular entities to large multicellular forms.5 Although not as common as bacteria or viruses as a cause of eye infection, a large number of fungal species have been associated with the eye.6 Several species are known to cause eye infections (ocular mycoses), which may even be life-threatening.
Subcutaneous mycoses are usually confined to deep tissue without systemic involvement.
Bloodstream infections and invasive mycoses in children undergoing acute leukaemia treatment: a 13-year experience at a single Italian institution.
Patients treated for systemic mycoses such as blastomycosis often take amphotericin B for months.
Diagnosis of systemic mycoses by specific immunohistochemical test.
Cinnamomum bark oil fungitoxican against fungi causing respiratory tract mycoses. Allergy 50 (12), 995-999.
Dermatophytes and host defense in cutaneous mycoses. Med Mycol, 1998.
Azole compounds play a key role as antifungals in agriculture and in human mycoses and as nonsteroidal antiestrogens in the treatment of estrogen-responsive breast tumors in postmenopausal women.
The invention is useful in the diagnosis and treatment for diseases including mycoses. The invention also provides a novel chromosome integration vector capable of imparting a novel selective marker of a drug resistance to a fungal transformant, a transformant transformed with this vector and a process for producing the same.
A shortage is expected to occur in agents for treating systemic mycoses (the generalized or internal fungal infections).
This finding is further supported by 2 other fatal cases of atypical mycoses reported in HIV-infected men from California (5); histopathologic findings of hyphae and multiple budding yeasts were consistent with E.