Mycoplasma pneumoniae


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Mycoplasma

 [mi´ko-plaz″mah]
a genus of highly pleomorphic, gram-negative, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacteria that lack cell walls, including the pleuropneumonia-like organisms and other species.
Mycoplasma ho´minis a species found associated with nongonococcal urethritis and mild pharyngitis.
Mycoplasma pneumo´niae a cause of primary atypical pneumonia; called also Eaton agent.

My·co·plas·ma pneu·mo·ni·ae

a bacterial species causing otitis and upper and lower respiratory tract disease including primary atypical pneumonia in human beings.
Synonym(s): Eaton agent

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

A slow-growing pathogen which measures 0.25 µm in diameter, lacks cell wall precursors (N-acetyl glucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid), divides by binary fusion and fragmentation, and has CO2 and NH3 as end products of ureaplasma enzymatic hydrolysis.

My·co·plas·ma pneu·mo·ni·ae

(mī'kō-plaz'mă nū-mō'nē-ē)
A bacterial species causing primary atypical pneumonia in human beings.
Synonym(s): Eaton agent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in humans, Ontario, Canada, 2010-2011.
Isothermal detection of Mycoplasma pneumoniae directly from respiratory clinical specimens.
Clinical features, risk factors and treatment of fulminant Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia: a review of the japanese literature.
Infectious causes include influenza A and B, coxsackievirus, Epstein-Barr virus, herpes simplex, parainfluenza, adenovirus, echovirus, enterovirus, human immunodeficiency virus, cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, tularemia, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella, E.
Reyes, "Chronic interstitial pulmonary fibrosis following Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia," The American Journal of Medicine, vol.
Influenza coinfected with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (2.9%) was found in influenza-positive children, which is an important pathogen of ARI and community-acquired pneumonia in children [20].
Quero, "Mycoplasma pneumoniae pericarditis and cardiac tamponade in a ten-year-old girl," The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol.
Izumikawa, "Clinical features of severe or fatal Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia," Frontiers in Microbiology, vol.
Moghaddam, "Respiratory tract infections during the 2011 Mycoplasma pneumoniae epidemic," European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.
The etiology of ARI involves among other microorganisms the Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, and viruses such as Syncitial Respiratory Virus, influenza a and b, parainfluenza 1, 2 and 3, adenovirus, and atypical germs such as Chlamydophila pneumoniae (CP) and Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) [7,8,9,10].
The collected specimens were subjected to common microorganism detection: bacterial detection by the conventional bacterial culture, Mycoplasma pneumoniae (Mp) detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (Shanghai Shen Yousheng Biotech, Shanghai, China) and virus detection by Chemicon direct immunofluorescence assay (DIA).
(18) Mycoplasma pneumoniae, which typically produces a mild "walking" pneumonia, has demonstrated increasing resistance to macrolide antibiotics (likely associated with the widespread use of azithromycin), with wide geographic variability, ranging from 7% in Seattle to 50% in New Jersey.