Mycobacterium xenopi


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My·co·bac·te·ri·um xen·'o·pi

a bacterial species found in a skin lesion of a cold-blooded animal, Xenopus laevis; a rare cause of nosocomial human pulmonary tuberculosis.

Mycobacterium xenopi

A rare, slow-growing, scotochromogenic mycobacterium of low pathogenicity, which causes disease in immunocompromised hosts.

Clinical findings
Mucocutaneous abscesses, often with cavitation; pulmonary and disseminated disease is rare.
 
Lab
M xenopi grows as confluent smooth, slimy, yellow colonies on Loewenstein-Jensen slants; smears of M xenopi appear as long cords of organisms.
 
Management
High-dose INH, streptomycin, kanamycin, cycloserine.

Mycobacterium xenopi

Infectious disease A rare atypical mycobacterium associated with clinical disease Clinical Mucocutaneous abscesses, often with cavitation; pulmonary and disseminated disease are rare Management High-dose INH, streptomycin, kanamycin, cycloserine
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References in periodicals archive ?
Mycobacterium xenopi and related organisms isolated from stream waters in Finland and description of Mycobacterium botniense sp.
Mycobacterium xenopi spinal infections after discovertebral surgery: investigation and screening of a large outbreak.
Unreliable detection of Mycobacterium xenopi by the nonradiomet ric BACTEC MGIT 960 culture system.
Fatal pulmonary Mycobacterium xenopi in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis receiving etanercept.