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a bacterial species causing spontaneous tuberculosis in salt water fish; it also occurs in other cold-blooded animals, in some aquaria and swimming pools in which it may cause human cutaneous infection (see swimming pool granuloma), irrigation canals and ditches, and ocean beaches.
a species of bacteria that causes a form of tuberculosis in cold-blooded animals including saltwater fish. The bacterium is also found in swimming pools and aquariums and is associated with skin lesions in humans.
Mycobacterium marinumAn atypical mycobacterium belonging to Runyon group 1. Mycobacterium marinum is a photochromogen (i.e., it produces pigment when cultured and exposed to light). It lives in fresh or salt water, with optimal growth at 32°C; it causes chronic ulcerating granulomatous lesions, which may evolve into a sporotrichosis-like disease with ascending lymphangitis or spread to deeper tissues.
Two-agent therapy with rifampin, rifabutin, ethambutol, clarithromycin and sulfonamides, including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.
Mycobacterium marinumInfectious disease A mycobacterium that lives in fresh or salt water, causing chronic ulcerating granulomatous lesions. See Swimming pool granuloma.
My·co·bac·te·ri·um ma·ri·num(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm mā-rē'nŭm)
A bacterial species causing tuberculosis in saltwater fish; it also occurs in other cold-blooded animals, in some swimming pools in which it may cause human cutaneous infection, in irrigation canals and ditches, and on ocean beaches.
the only genus in the family Mycobacteriaceae of bacteria; slender acid-fast rods which may be straight or slightly curved. They may produce filaments or cocci. The most serious disease caused by members of this genus is tuberculosis. M. fortuitum, M. chelonea, M. marinum are listed as causes of piscine tuberculosis. Other species, including M. aquae, M. kansasii and M. scrofulaceum, may occasionally cause disease in a number of different species.
found mostly in birds but occasionally also in other animals and in humans. The tubercle bacillus of birds, it causes avian tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
causes Johne's disease in cattle, sheep, goats, deer and camelids. Previously called M. johnei and M. paratuberculosis.
complex see M. intracellulare (below).
the tubercle bacillus of the bovine, it causes tuberculosis in many animal species and humans.
Mycobacterium chelonei, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium phlei, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium thermoresistible
Mycobacterium farcinogenes, Mycobacterium senegalense
associated with bovine farcy.
causes mycobacteriosis in birds.
found in tuberculin-positive cattle and causes limited lymph node lesions in pigs. Closely related to M. avium and also described as M. avium-intracellulare complex.
see M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
causes tuberculosis-like disease in pigs, deer and cattle.
the cause of leprosy in humans.
causes murine and feline leprosy.
found in water, it causes tuberculosis in fish and skin ulcers in humans.
the vole bacillus; lesions sometimes occur in other species.
previously called M. johnei. See M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
the tubercle bacillus of humans, but found also in monkeys and pigs, and rarely in cattle, dogs and parrots.
causes skin ulcers in humans and cats.
causes mycobacterial granuloma in cats and lymph node lesions in pigs.