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(mī'kō-bak-tē'rē-ā' sē-ē),
A family of aerobic bacteria (order Actinomycetales) containing gram-positive, spheric to rod-shaped cells. Branching does not occur under ordinary cultural conditions. They are usually acid fast. They occur in soil and dairy products and as parasites on humans and other animals. The type genus is Mycobacterium.
References in periodicals archive ?
El Map tiene disminuida actividad quimiotactica, resiste en gran parte la lisis quimica y enzimatica de la fagocitosis, Mycobacteriaceae, a la que pertenecen ademas quince especies patogenas para el hombre, entre ellas las mas conocidas, Mycobacterium tuberculosis agente causal de la tuberculosis; Mycobacterium leprae que causa la lepra; Mycobacterium bovis causante de la tuberculosis bovina; Mycobacterium ulcerans causante de la ulcera Buruli; y Mycobacterium avium que por consiguiente mantienen la infeccion subclinica cronica (3).
Orf--A widespread disease of sheep and goats caused primarily by a virus and secondarily by a bacterial organism, Fusiformis necrophorus, family Mycobacteriaceae. In malignant form, ulcers appear inside the mouth and other parts of the body.
Tuberculosis, a disease caused by acid- and alcohol-fast bacilli of the family Mycobacteriaceae (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium microti, and Mycobacterium africanum), is one of the earliest diseases known to affect humans.