spasticity

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Related to Muscle spasticity: muscle spasm, Muscle rigidity

spasticity

 [spas-tis´ĭ-te]
continuous resistance to stretching by a muscle due to abnormally increased tension, with heightened deep tendon reflexes.
clasp-knife spasticity clasp-knife rigidity.

spas·tic·i·ty

(spas-tis'i-tē),
One type of increase in muscle tone at rest; characterized by increased resistance to passive stretch, velocity dependent and asymmetric about joints (that is, greater in the flexor muscles at the elbow and the extensor muscles at the knee). Exaggerated deep tendon reflexes and clonus are additional manifestations.
See also: clasp-knife spasticity.

spasticity

 Neurology A velocity-dependent ↑ in tonic stretch reflexes–involuntary muscle contraction, most common in Pts with spinal cord lesions above the conus medullarisis, developing months after spinal cord injury Management Baclofen, which potentiates GABA's inhibitory effect on reflexes

spas·tic·i·ty

(spas-tis'i-tē)
A state of increased muscular tone with exaggeration of the tendon reflexes.

spasticity

Rigidity in muscles causing stiffness and restriction of movement. Spasticity may or may not be associated with paralysis or muscle weakness. Spasticity with paralysis is a feature of many cases of STROKE. It occurs in SPASTIC PARALAYSIS (cerebral palsy) and sometimes in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

Spasticity

Increased mucle tone, or stiffness, which leads to uncontrolled, awkward movements.

spas·tic·i·ty

(spas-tis'i-tē)
Type of increase in muscle tone at rest; characterized by increased resistance to passive stretch; velocity dependent and asymmetric about joints.

Patient discussion about spasticity

Q. Do you want to end because of a vaccination in a wheel chair? It is already about 12 years ago. I met a mother with her kids. One came always in a wheel chair to the services. His terrible story is still in my mind. It could be shown, that because of a vaccination he got the cytomegalovirus infection (CMV) and then spastic paralysis.

A. Corrigendum: If you know somebody speaking German and English who could...

More discussions about spasticity
References in periodicals archive ?
Pang, "Effects of whole body vibration on muscle spasticity for people with central nervous system disorders: A systematic review," Clinical Rehabilitation, vol.
Petersen, "Reliability of the Modified Ashworth Scale in the assessment of plantarflexor muscle spasticity in patients with traumatic brain injury," International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, vol.
Rehabilitation includes massage therapy for the muscle spasticity; daily stretching exercise has also been shown to reduce muscle spasticity.
For example, if the aim of treatment is to reduce pain, then little is achieved by monitoring muscle spasticity and a pain scale should be used.
Muscle spasticity is usually reduced significantly within two or three days following the injections, and relief may last four to six months.
Preliminary studies show that it seems to work quickly and effectively against severe episodes of muscle spasticity, according to testimony by Denis Petro, director of clinical research at Fidia Pharmaceuticals, a major Italian drug company that specializes in neurological therapeutics.
Treatment of acquired muscle spasticity using phenol peripheral nerve blocks.
It also shows promise for treatment of muscle spasticity in children with cerebral palsy.
The researchers say grafting neural stem cells derived from a human fetal spinal cord to the rats' spinal injury site produced an array of therapeutic benefits--from less muscle spasticity to new connections between the injected stem cells and surviving host neurons.
A spokeswoman for Novartis, the company employed by GW Pharmaceuticals to commercialise the drug in Australia, said it was also working with the Therapeutic Goods Administration to make Sativex available to patients with multiple sclerosis who suffer from uncontrolled muscle spasticity.