muscle dysmorphia

(redirected from Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder)
A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
To evaluate the correlates of MD, the most widely used instruments were: Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) (31.8%), (22) Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory (MDDI) (27.3%) (23) and Muscle Dysmorphia Inventory (MDI) (18.2%).
Cuenta con 27 items divididos en seis subescalas (tamano y simetria del cuerpo, proteccion de la apariencia, dependencia del ejercicio, consumo de suplementos, abuso farmacologico y comportamiento dietetico), se ha estimado su fiabilidad en un rango entre 0,72 a 0,94 (alfa de Cronbach);(d) el "Inventario de trastorno dismorfico muscular" (Muscle Dysmorphic Disorder Inventory, MDDI; Hildebrandt, Langenbucher y Schlundt, 2004), que esta basado en los criterios diagnosticos para DM propuestos por Pope et al.
However, Ms Horgan urged sufferers to seek treatment from the life-threatening condition, also known as muscle dysmorphic disorder.