Munchausen's syndrome


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Related to Munchausen's syndrome: Munchausen syndrome by proxy, Factitious disorder

Munchausen's syndrome

The systematic practice of deliberate and calculated simulation of disease so as to obtain attention, status and free accommodation and board. People engaging in this activity study medical textbooks and report a plausible list of symptoms of a usually serious condition so as to elicit medical interest and admission to hospital. They have a preference for surgical conditions and often display an unusual number of operation scars—a circumstance that may give the game away. Detection is inevitable and is followed by the disappearance of the ‘patient’. Baron Munchausen was the hero of the outrageously implausible pseudo-autobiographical tales of the novelist and criminal psychopath Rudolf Eric Raspe. The syndrome was so named, and first described, by Richard Asher in his book Talking Sense , published in 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers are also studying a possible link to personality disorders, which are common in people with Munchausen's syndrome. (7) This patient was also a young female and possibly to have a histrionic personality disorder.
It was later discovered that she had fabricated her history and symptoms, and she was ultimately diagnosed with Munchausen's syndrome. Although pulmonary manifestations of Munchausen's syndrome have been reported, (6) this appears to be the first documented case of tracheotomy bleeding associated with the disorder.
A review of 298 cases was ordered in 2004 after three mothers were cleared of killing their children following concerns over misdiagnosis of Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy Prof Meadow's theories on child abuse have been used in social service hearings against hundreds of Midland parents, many of whom have had their children taken away.
Students of child abuse are taught to identify little-under- stood mental conditions like, for example, 'Munchausen's syndrome by proxy.' This term can embrace anything from a young mum in an unnecessary flap about her baby's snuffles to a deranged one who repeatedly injures her own child.
He described research which found the sudden death of a child was a factor in mothers fabricating illness in a subsequent child - a condition known as Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy.
Following a psychiatric evaluation, we entertained a degree of suspicion that our patient had Munchausen's syndrome. (11) However, we made no attempt to monitor his psychiatric status after he had been discharged from our hospital.
They claim they lost their children after experts diagnosed Munchausen's syndrome by proxy.
Sir Roy has also given evidence in several cases of the sudden deaths of babies, using the diagnosis of Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy to say parents or carers have intentionally harmed or killed their children while claiming it was natural illness.
In the second case Dean Lyons, who was charged and subsequently acquitted of the murder of Grangegorman victims Mary Callanan and Sylvia Shields was said to be suffering from Munchausen's Syndrome.
She is believed to have been the victim of a someone thought to be suffering from Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy.
Stevenson, "Serial Munchausen's Syndrome by Proxy," Pediatrics, vol.

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