antibiotic resistance

(redirected from Multiresistance)

antibiotic resistance

Infectious disease The relative or complete ability of an organism–bacterium, fungus to counteract the desired bacteriocidal or bacteriostatic effect of one or more antimicrobial agents
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

antibiotic resistance

The natural tendency for bacteria, under the processes of natural selection in an antibiotic-rich environment, to evolve in such a way as to become capable of surviving in spite of these drugs. Antibiotic resistance is a rapidly increasing problem largely as a result of worldwide misuse and overuse of antibiotics in conditions that do not require them. See also ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCI.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Patient discussion about antibiotic resistance

Q. Are superbugs contagious through the air? Last week we visited my dad in the hospital, and we noticed that on the next room’s door there was a warning sign. After asking, we were told it was a denoting that the patient inside had a superbug (called klebsiella). On our way out we passed against this patient in the hallway – is it possible that I also carry this superbag? Is it dangerous?

A. Usually these bacteria are transmitted from person to person through direct contact, and less through the air. Moreover, these germs are dangerous in ill and debilitated patients, and not in normal healthy individuals.

Q. Why Is it Important to Not Use Antibiotics Often? Why is my doctor always so reluctant to prescribe me antibiotics?

A. Antibiotic resistance has become a serious problem in both developed and underdeveloped nations. By 1984 half of those with active tuberculosis in the United States had a strain that resisted at least one antibiotic. In certain settings, such as hospitals and some childcare locations, the rate of antibiotic resistance is so high that the usual, low-cost antibiotics are virtually useless for treatment of frequently seen infections. This leads to more frequent use of newer and more expensive compounds, which in turn leads to the rise of resistance to those drugs. A struggle to develop new antibiotics ensues to prevent losing future battles against infection. Therefore the doctors try to avoid using antibiotics when it is not necessary, and try to keep a certain limited use of these medications.

More discussions about antibiotic resistance
This content is provided by iMedix and is subject to iMedix Terms. The Questions and Answers are not endorsed or recommended and are made available by patients, not doctors.
References in periodicals archive ?
And the absence of multiresistance and an important feature of isolated lipolytic bacteria that may possibly be used in effluent processes of residential, commercial and industrial bioremediation with high levels of lipids.
La presidente du Conseil national des droits de l'Homme (CNDH), Amina Bouayach a indique, par la meme occasion, que le taux de multiresistance de cette maladie constitue, non seulement un bon reflet du niveau de developpement social et economique dans le pays, mais aussi un indicateur probant de l'atteinte des objectifs du developpement durable
aureus clones, and increasing multiresistance. J Clin Microbiol 2014 Mar;52(3):859-870.
falciparum causes the most severe malaria and can develop multiresistance to conventionally used antimalarial drugs (4).
Resistance to ethambutol or streptomycin, in addition to the multiresistance pattern is associated with a higher risk of death.
Chattoraj, "Device-Associated Healthcare-Associated Infections (DA-HAI) and the caveat of multiresistance in a multidisciplinary intensive care unit," Medical Journal Armed Forces India, vol.
The geographical distribution of multiresistance patterns are as follows: 48.8% in Colombia [24], 60.2% in Iran [21], 57.7% in China [26], 95.2% in India [46], 64.3% in Nigeria [47], and 21% in Germany [56].
The problem of multiresistance to antibiotics worldwide in bacterial populations of medical importance has led the international scientific community to consider some factors predisposing to the increase of bacterial strains resistant to these antimicrobials (Nikaido, 2009; Singer, Shaw, Rhodes, & Hart, 2016).
Efflux-mediated multiresistance in Gram-negative bacteria.