Mud

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Drug slang A regionally popular street term for opium or heroin
Molecular biology A defective derivative of phage Mu; mud insertions are used to construct operon and gene fusions in enteric bacteria
Vox populi A popular term for very strong coffee or espresso

donor

(do'nor) [Fr. doneur fr L. donator, giver, donor]
1. A person or animal that furnishes blood, tissue, or an organ to be used in another person.
2. In chemistry, a compound that frees part of itself to unite with another compound called an acceptor.

artificial insemination donor

Abbreviation: AID
A male who provides sperm to be used to fertilize a woman seeking to become pregnant.

blood donor

One who gives blood (or its components) to be used for transfusion.

cadaveric donor

One who donates an organ or tissue after his or her death.

directed donor

A family member, friend, or significant other who gives blood, an organ, or tissue to another person to support a vital function or prevent death.

HLA-mismatched related donor

Mismatched related donor.

human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

Matched unrelated donor.

hydrogen donor

In oxidation-reduction reactions, a substance that gives up hydrogen atoms to another substance, the acceptor.
See: hydrogen acceptor

living donor

One who donates an organ or tissue while he or she is still living. Living donors must be healthy and antigenically matched to the recipient.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

mismatched related donor

Abbreviation: MMRD
An organ or tissue donor who is a family member of the organ recipient but whose human leukocyte antigens are not identical to those of the recipient. In general in organ transplantation, organ and recipient survival are highest when the donor and the recipient share the same HLA antigens.
Synonym: HLA-mismatched related donor

nondirected donor

A person who donates blood, an organ, or tissue to the community at large and is unknown to the recipient.

related HLA-identical donor

Related identical donor.

related identical donor

Abbreviation: RID
A family member who donates an organ or tissue (such as a kidney or bone marrow stem cells) to another family member who shares perfectly matched human leukocyte antigens. Organ transplantations from RIDs have higher success rates than transplants obtained from mismatched related donors (MMRDs) or from matched unrelated donors (MUDs).
Synonym: related HLA-identical donor

universal donor

A person who has group O red blood cells. In a life-threatening emergency this person's cells can be transfused into any patient in need of red blood cells.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor
See also: donor
References in periodicals archive ?
The DMA significantly increased organic carbon concentration in mudflat saline soil, and the OC concentration in the topsoil at all DMA rates increased over time (Figure 2).
In the seaward zone of the lagoon, the K/Na ratio is highest for the bottom sediments compared to the sediments of the mudflats on either side of the lagoonal creeks.
Species numbers differed between transect sites and most species were recorded in the mudflat (Table 1).
Set the flat back of the basket diagonally on the mudflat. With a knife, trim a top corner of the ground cover flush with the top of the basket (photo A).
Low Mudflat. -- This area (the shoreline section of Bayside Tour Loop, Unit 7, LANWR) includes the shoreline and associated mudflat and seagrass areas visible from the shore.
However, the application of sewage sludge combined with green manuring to amend mudflat salt-soils has received no attention.
The researchers set a number of trials in mudflats in Mozambique to study whether a male would protect a female neighbour when confronted by an intruder.
The breaches will allow the tide coming up the estuary to wash in and out, thereby creating a significant new area of inter-tidal mudflat and saltmarsh.
The centre of the village of Sarno was turned into a vast mudflat and staff and patients at the hospital were buried after a staircase was swept away.
It is, in geological fact, a tunnel-tolled mudflat (with sandstone outcrops), between two cities, which between them, already boast four universities.
Despite extensive development, it is still important for wildlife, and its large inter-tidal mudflats and sand flats are home to many invertebrates, which provide a rich source of food for birds and fish.
The couple were on holiday in Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, when they decided to test their Land Rover Freelander's off-road credentials on a stretch of treacherous mudflats. But it soon became clear that their pride and joy had more than met its match when it began sinking into the notoriously thick mud on Berrow Beach.