Mud

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Drug slang A regionally popular street term for opium or heroin
Molecular biology A defective derivative of phage Mu; mud insertions are used to construct operon and gene fusions in enteric bacteria
Vox populi A popular term for very strong coffee or espresso
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

donor

(do'nor) [Fr. doneur fr L. donator, giver, donor]
1. A person or animal that furnishes blood, tissue, or an organ to be used in another person.
2. In chemistry, a compound that frees part of itself to unite with another compound called an acceptor.

artificial insemination donor

Abbreviation: AID
A male who provides sperm to be used to fertilize a woman seeking to become pregnant.

blood donor

One who gives blood (or its components) to be used for transfusion.

cadaveric donor

One who donates an organ or tissue after his or her death.

directed donor

A family member, friend, or significant other who gives blood, an organ, or tissue to another person to support a vital function or prevent death.

HLA-mismatched related donor

Mismatched related donor.

human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

Matched unrelated donor.

hydrogen donor

In oxidation-reduction reactions, a substance that gives up hydrogen atoms to another substance, the acceptor.
See: hydrogen acceptor

living donor

One who donates an organ or tissue while he or she is still living. Living donors must be healthy and antigenically matched to the recipient.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor

mismatched related donor

Abbreviation: MMRD
An organ or tissue donor who is a family member of the organ recipient but whose human leukocyte antigens are not identical to those of the recipient. In general in organ transplantation, organ and recipient survival are highest when the donor and the recipient share the same HLA antigens.
Synonym: HLA-mismatched related donor

nondirected donor

A person who donates blood, an organ, or tissue to the community at large and is unknown to the recipient.

related HLA-identical donor

Related identical donor.

related identical donor

Abbreviation: RID
A family member who donates an organ or tissue (such as a kidney or bone marrow stem cells) to another family member who shares perfectly matched human leukocyte antigens. Organ transplantations from RIDs have higher success rates than transplants obtained from mismatched related donors (MMRDs) or from matched unrelated donors (MUDs).
Synonym: related HLA-identical donor

universal donor

A person who has group O red blood cells. In a life-threatening emergency this person's cells can be transfused into any patient in need of red blood cells.

matched unrelated donor

Abbreviation: MUD
One who donates an organ or tissue (such as bone marrow stem cells) to another person with human leukocyte antigens identical to those of the organ recipient.
Synonym: human leukocyte antigen matched unrelated donor
See also: donor
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Top hotel site LateRooms.com and the world leaders obstacle events, Tough Mudder, have joined forces to bring the 5-star style outdoor 'Al Fresco Hotel' to an exclusive site, reputed to have one of the prettiest views of Cheshire's rolling hills.
"Being part of Tough Mudder will allow us to establish and grow the Alanic Brand with active lifestyle enthusiasts and like-minded individuals from around the globe," said Johnny F.
Some of the participants included Tough Mudder Ambassadors Raymond Guttierez, Gretchen Ho, Eduardo Lara, Noel Agra, Christi McGarry, Lahaina Mondonedo and Fabio Ide.
For its part, TM wants to 'grow' the 'Mudder Nation into a Global Tribe that lives courage, personal accomplishment, teamwork and fun.' All these partake of better quality of life.
Along with the thrills, they said camaraderie and friendship are forged as virtual strangers help one another out in hurdling the obstacles."Tough Mudder is closer to Filipino values in terms of what we call bayanihan.
Tough Mudder is also introducing Tough Mudder 5k - Up Late, a Friday evening event for an after-hours adrenaline hit.
Inspiring women tackle Tough Mums, a course designed by Tough Mudder PICTURES: JUSTIN SETTERFIELD/GETTY IMAGES
"We love the idea that our Mudders will be helping each other as they go along."
"It's called a Tough Mudder and it was tough," said James.
Tough Mudder is an endurance event in which participants attempt a military-style obstacle course, designed and created by British special forces to test mental and physical strength.
Having haemophilia and doing one Tough Mudder event is a challenge.
Like many of his Wall Street brethren, Jones has participated in a number of obstacle races like Tough Mudder, the military-inspired GoRuck, and shorter Spartan Races over the past three years.