SBFT is relatively insensitive to mucosal disease
and provides limited sensitivity for submucosal or deeper involvement.
When evaluating a patient with a putatively immunemediated oral mucosal disease
who is also taking systemic medications, the question is whether the condition is idiopathic or drug related.
The study included 150 consecutively selected patients with chronic suppurative otitis media (COM mucosal disease
) who attended the Department of ENT, Medical College Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram during the study period of 1 year from April 2014 to March 2015.
(1,6) Use of oral corticosteroids can be considered in severe mucosal disease
, although such use is considered controversial due to a lack of evidence.
The second volume focuses on the appendix, small bowel mucosal disease
and the anal canal.
Persistent animals have increased susceptibility to other infectious diseases and frequently succumb to mucosal disease
. Mucosal disease
arises only in PI animals either due to recombination of the BVDV genome with cellular genome or due to horizontal superinfection with the cytopathic biotype (Brownlie et al.
They are the main cause of virus circulating in herds and they may live for many years or succumb to mucosal disease
, often from six-18 months, although some cows have lived to significant ages and produce more PI caves as they are bred.
We do not disagree with the authors' opinions and respect their large clinical experience in burn patients, but respectfully suggest that the existing published data currently do not support their conclusions about patients at risk for stress-related mucosal disease
and more specifically stress ulcer bleeding.
The disease leads to marked disfigurement and patients with mucosal disease
almost never heal spontaneously.5 In most cases, hematogenous or lymphatic dissemination is responsible for the diffusion of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis to other mucosal districts.
Oral lichen planus affects 1-2 per cent of the general adult population and is the most common non-infectious oral mucosal disease
in patients referred to oral medicine and oral pathology clinics .
The effects of BVD in a herd include: Reduced conception rates and increased embryonic deaths leading to high numbers of barrens; protracted calving periods; abortions; stillbirths; deformed and weak calves; mucosal disease
For example, although the mucosal disease
in ulcerative colitis is generally superficial, if the ulcers are deep, the patient can have more pain than would be expected.