mouth breathing

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breathing

 [brēth´ing]
ventilation (def. 2).
diaphragmatic breathing diaphragmatic respiration.
a type of breathing exercise that patients are taught to promote more effective aeration of the lungs, consisting of moving the diaphragm downward during inhalation and upward with exhalation.
frog breathing (glossopharyngeal breathing) respiration unaided by the primary or ordinary accessory muscles of respiration, the air being “swallowed” rapidly into the lungs by use of the tongue and the muscles of the pharynx; used by patients with chronic muscle paralysis to augment their vital capacity.
intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB) see intermittent positive pressure breathing.
mouth breathing breathing through the mouth instead of the nose, usually because of some obstruction in the nasal passages.
breathing pattern, ineffective a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inspiration and/or expiration that does not provide adequate ventilation. Etiologic and contributing factors include disorders of the nervous system in which there is abnormal response to neural stimulation, as in spinal cord injury; impairment of musculoskeletal function, as in trauma to the chest; pain and discomfort associated with deep breathing, as after abdominal or thoracic surgery; fatigue and diminished energy level; inadequate lung expansion, as in poor body posture and positioning; inappropriate response to stress, as in hyperventilation; inflammation of respiratory structures; and tracheobronchial obstruction.

Subjective symptoms include reports of dyspnea, shortness of breath, pain associated with breathing, complaints of dizziness, and previous episodes of emotional or physical stress or fear and anxiety. Objective symptoms include increased respiratory rate and changes in depth of respirations, fremitus, abnormal arterial blood gases, nasal flaring, orthopnea or assumption of the three-point position, in which the patient sits down and elevates the shoulders by stiffening each arm and pushing downward with the hands on the chair or bed, use of accessory muscles of respiration, increased anteroposterior diameter of chest (barrel chest), and altered chest excursion.

The goal of nursing intervention is to help the patient experience improved gas exchange by using a more effective breathing pattern. This might include teaching appropriate breathing exercises and proper use of accessory muscles of respiration, and encouraging body posture that maximizes expansion of the lungs. If postoperative pain is a contributing factor, providing support of the operative site to reduce strain during coughing or moving about could encourage deeper respirations and a more normal breathing pattern. If a causative factor is stress with resultant hyperventilation or some other ineffective breathing pattern, the patient may need help in developing more beneficial coping mechanisms such as relaxation techniques.
pursed-lip breathing a breathing technique in which air is inhaled slowly through the nose and then exhaled slowly through pursed lips. This type of breathing is often used by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to prevent small airway collapse.
breathing-related sleep disorder any of several disorders characterized by sleep disruption due to some sleep-related breathing problem, resulting in excessive sleepiness or insomnia. Included are central and obstructive sleep apnea syndromes (see adult sleep apnea).

mouth breath·ing

habitual respiration through the mouth instead of the nose, usually due to obstruction of the nasal airways.

mouth breath·ing

(mowth brēdhing)
Habitual respiration through the mouth instead of the nose, usually due to obstructed nasal airways.

mouth breath·ing

(mowth brēdhing)
Habitual respiration through the mouth instead of the nose, usually due to obstruction of the nasal airways.
References in periodicals archive ?
We need mouth-breathers from Wisconsin and window-lickers from Ohio," declare Pelosi and Feinstein's characters, as portrayed by McKinnon and Cecily Strong.
With the personality of a candy dispenser, she will give all she has if you tilt her head and will grow to please many men." A window is "frosted over by age and carbon dioxide from the procession of a thousand mouth-breathers over decades."
From airplane to terminal to airplane to customs, I was cocooned in a climate control environment of stale air and mouth-breathers for the 24 hours it took me to get from New York to Lahore.
Adda Birnir, a 26-year-old programmer and media entrepreneur in New York City, says she empathizes with a new breed of coders who are sick of being stereotyped as under-socialized mouth-breathers living in their parents' basements.
Except lately, I have heard numerous road guys discussing the Domino's Pizza hooha in which an employee in Conover, NC, shot a video of another employee making a salami sandwich, farting on it and adding some cheese he had pulled out of his nose --which was posted on YouTube and promptly viewed by millions of slackers and mouth-breathers and apparently had such an effect on Domino's business that its president, Patrick Doyle, made his own YouTube appearance defending the brand.
This one is for the mouth-breathers and kids in the back row.
Brexit has opened the door to the mouth-breathers who inhabit this festering underworld.
This ex- plained the narrow palate, and long face, seen in some chronic mouth-breathers. In contrast, Hawkins10, Howard11, and Leech12 found no relationship between malocclusion and mouth breathing.
At least it keeps the mouth-breathers quiet for a couple of minutes every now and then.
Every club has some mouth-breathers who do their best to sully that club's name but Wednesday night's grim incidents should not be used as a stick with which to beat Hearts and Hibs.
Several hundred mouth-breathers running down your road at night with paving slabs - now that's a good reason to keep your pets indoors.
The sets are still a bit dodge - and I wearily accept a whole generation of mouth-breathers will start calling each other smeghead - but I'm chuffed to see former Corrie cabbie-turned-funk DJ Craig Charles finally get the script he deserves.