morpheme

(redirected from Morphemes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

mor·pheme

(mōr'fēm),
The smallest linguistic unit with a meaning.
[G. morphē, form + -eme, from phoneme, G. phēmē, utterance]

morpheme

The smallest semantically meaningful unit of a spoken language (words, prefixes or suffixes) that have discrete meanings. The formal study of morphemes is termed morphology.

morpheme

(mor'fem)
The smallest meaningful grammatical unit in a language (e.g., the s in “beds”).
See: phoneme

morpheme

The smallest element of speech that conveys either factual or grammatical information. Compare with phoneme which is a speech sound that serves to distinguish one word from another.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, the figure of verbal zero derivation compensates for the suffixation of this class because, considering the definition of zero derivation as derivation without derivational morphemes, the formations on the boundary between derivation and inflection count as zero derivatives.
In the final step of raw data preparation, the remaining responses were partitioned into their constituting morphemes. This step was done largely automatically with the use of a custom-made morphological analyzer in Microsoft Excel (Madsen unpublished).
The list of morphemes was obtained by reviewing the literature on Turkish Linguistics.
The i of the plural morpheme =it= has elided and we have the unexpected (and ad hoc) presence of a transitive =u=.
The size of the lexicon for our experiment was determined to be 200K because this size allows approximately 99% of coverage for the language model training data for the initial morphemes. The same sized lexicon was used throughout the experiment, and the coverage was shown to be 88% for a full-word based lexicon, 95% for lexicon based on pseudo-morpheme, and 100% for an automatically generated ML-based lexicon.
(2010: 94) present it, this model is a "multiple--route model of morphological processing, which considers morphemes, combinations of morphemes, and morphological paradigms and structurally complex words as sources of morphological information".
(a) Compounding: This is simply bringing of free morphemes together to form new words e.g.
It is also irregular as a form of imperative, since it lacks the marker =q, otherwise an obligatory morpheme of the imperative, although there are traces of it in dialects (Hakulinen 1941 : 226).
If the verb takes an allomorphic form, thus ending in a consonant, the full form of both morphemes is preserved, as in (59a).
It is based on sound-symbol relations, on the representation of meanings through morphemes, on word origins and orthographic conventions as we indicate below.
The vowel phoneme, represented by the letter /o/ in the first morpheme (word part), changes from a long vowel to a schwa (reduced) vowel.
While mainstream schools concentrate on phonics to teach children how to spell - an almost impossible task for dyslexics when words like slept and jumped have different endings but sound the same, and when words beginning with ph sound like f - they use morphemes instead.