In other words, the figure of verbal zero derivation compensates for the suffixation of this class because, considering the definition of zero derivation as derivation without derivational morphemes
, the formations on the boundary between derivation and inflection count as zero derivatives.
In the final step of raw data preparation, the remaining responses were partitioned into their constituting morphemes
. This step was done largely automatically with the use of a custom-made morphological analyzer in Microsoft Excel (Madsen unpublished).
The list of morphemes
was obtained by reviewing the literature on Turkish Linguistics.
The i of the plural morpheme
=it= has elided and we have the unexpected (and ad hoc) presence of a transitive =u=.
The size of the lexicon for our experiment was determined to be 200K because this size allows approximately 99% of coverage for the language model training data for the initial morphemes
. The same sized lexicon was used throughout the experiment, and the coverage was shown to be 88% for a full-word based lexicon, 95% for lexicon based on pseudo-morpheme, and 100% for an automatically generated ML-based lexicon.
(2010: 94) present it, this model is a "multiple--route model of morphological processing, which considers morphemes
, combinations of morphemes
, and morphological paradigms and structurally complex words as sources of morphological information".
(a) Compounding: This is simply bringing of free morphemes
together to form new words e.g.
It is also irregular as a form of imperative, since it lacks the marker =q, otherwise an obligatory morpheme
of the imperative, although there are traces of it in dialects (Hakulinen 1941 : 226).
If the verb takes an allomorphic form, thus ending in a consonant, the full form of both morphemes
is preserved, as in (59a).
It is based on sound-symbol relations, on the representation of meanings through morphemes
, on word origins and orthographic conventions as we indicate below.
The vowel phoneme, represented by the letter /o/ in the first morpheme
(word part), changes from a long vowel to a schwa (reduced) vowel.
While mainstream schools concentrate on phonics to teach children how to spell - an almost impossible task for dyslexics when words like slept and jumped have different endings but sound the same, and when words beginning with ph sound like f - they use morphemes