Moraxella


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Moraxella

 [mo″-rak-sel´ah]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found as parasites on the mucous membranes of mammals. There are two subgenera: M. (Moraxella), occurring as rods, and M. (Branhamella), occurring as cocci. M. (Branhamella) catarrha´lis occasionally causes respiratory disease; M. (Moraxella) lacuna´ta causes conjunctivitis and corneal infections.

Moraxella

(mōr'ak-sel'ă),
A genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria (family Neisseriaceae) containing gram-negative coccoids or short rods that usually occur in pairs. They do not produce acid from carbohydrates, are oxidase positive, penicillin susceptible, and infect the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals. The type species is Moraxella lacunata.
[V. Morax]

Mor·ax·el·la

(mōr'ak-sel'ă)
A genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria containing gram-negative coccoids or short rods that usually occur in pairs. They are parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals.
[V. Morax]

Morax,

Victor, French ophthalmologist, 1866-1935.
Morax-Axenfeld conjunctivitis - conjunctivitis caused by diplobacillus.
Morax-Axenfeld diplobacillus - Synonym(s): Moraxella lacunata
Moraxella anatipestifer
Moraxella bovis
Moraxella lacunata - a species causing conjunctivitis. Synonym(s): Morax-Axenfeld diplobacillus
Moraxella liquefaciens
Moraxella lwoffi
Moraxella - a genus of obligately aerobic nonmotile bacteria (family Neisseriaceae) parasitic on the mucous membranes of humans and other mammals.
Morax keratoplasty
Morax operation
References in periodicals archive ?
A compound aroused their interest as it was highly selectively inhibiting the growth of the pathogen Moraxella catarrhalis.
Yes/Da 18 (42.5) No/Ne 55 (57.5) Nasal swab:/Bris nosa: Negative/Negativan 65 (88.9) Staphylococcus aureus/Staphylococcus aureus 4 (5.5) Moraxella catarrhalis/Moraxella catarrhalis 1 (1.4) Streptococcus pyogenes/Streptococcus 2 (2.8) pyogenes Streptococcus pneumoniae/Streptococcus 1 (1.4) pneumoniae Pharyngeal swab:/Bris zdrela: Negative/Negativan 65 (88.9) Staphylococcus aureus/Staphylococcus aureus 0 (0) Moraxella catarrhalis/Moraxella catarrhalis 3 (4.2) Streptococcus pyogenes/Streptococcus pyogenes 1 (1.4) Streptococcus pneumoniae/Streptococcus 4 (5.5) pneumoniae First visit Group B/Grupa B Prva poseta n (%)/br.
Chronic sinusitis is caused by a wide range of organisms as already discussed including Streptococcus pneumoniae, heamophilus Influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and anaerobic bacteria, Fusobacterium, Prevotella, Porphyromonas and Peptostreptococcus, and fungi, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Cladosporiuim, Altenaria and Candida.
Bootsma, "Characterization of the molecular interplay between Moraxella catarrhalis and human respiratory tract epithelial cells," PLoS One, vol.
Coffin, "Infection due to Moraxella osloensis: case report and review of the literature," Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.
Peritonitis from Moraxella catarrhalis has been reported frequently, but only two cases of peritonitis by Moraxella osloensis have been reported to date [2, 3].
The isolated microorganisms included the major pathogens Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, as well as the rare pathogens Acinetobacter baumannii and Moraxella catarrhalis.
It is well known that the bacterial pathogens most commonly associated with AOM are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, and Moraxella catarrhalis [9, 10].
The most common organisms isolated in order of frequency were Klebsiella pneumonia (36%) and least common were Moraxella catarrhalis (2%).