moral treatment


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mor·al treat·ment

a type of milieu therapy used in the 19th century, emphasizing religious doctrine and benevolent guidance in activities of daily living; as such it was a form of psychotherapy as opposed to somatic treatments such as bloodletting and purging.

moral treatment

A therapeutic and preventive philosophy for managing mental disorders, which was popular in the early 19th century, based on William Tuke’s retreat model. Treatment consisted of removing the afflicted from their homes and placing them in a surrogate “family” of 250 members or less, often under the guidance of a physician. It emphasised religious morals, benevolence and "clean living", in contrast to the somatic therapies of the day (such as bloodletting or purging). Physical restraints were removed from the patients, they were accorded humane and kindly care, and were required to perform useful tasks in the hospital.

moral treatment

An approach to treating mental illness in the 19th century influenced by humanistic philosophy and a belief that a rational, caring approach would enable patients to normalize their thoughts and actions.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Moral Treatment Movement, which developed in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment, laid the foundation for the emergence of the profession by recognising the need to occupy people confined to asylums.
Yet, others who may be seeking a new and more historically grounded examination of pressing biomedical issues--and a sensitive moral treatment of issues still unclear or developing--will need to look elsewhere.
If the majority benefits from oppressing a minority, then it looks like moral treatment of the minority is not to the advantage of the members of the majority.
He describes the development of mental hospitalization, the history of torturing mental patients, the concept of moral treatment in early psychiatry, the treatment of epileptics, electroshock therapy, lobotomy, and the use of psychiatric drugs.
They cover from traitement moral to moral treatment, reciprocity in community-based care, the everyday and interpersonal context of recovery, closing the hospital, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, and agency as the basis for transformation.
Much like the Planetree movement has been a beacon of light for the general patient care environment, I think that the moral treatment movement has much to offer people with mental illness and those who provide care for them.
And if the most pastorally sensitive part of Catholic medical ethics--the recognition that once an intervention is judged either useless or burdensome, it can be rejected--is jettisoned, many people will conclude, rightly or wrongly, that one might just as well go directly to euthanasia since there is no relevant moral analysis for considering the appropriate medical and moral treatment of the sick or the permanently unconscious
But moral treatment, heresy to the medicalized psychiatry of the late 20th century (since it doesn't require an elite guild of M.
The advent of moral treatment brought both immediate change and her-aided a long-term shift.
If Andrews amplifies elsewhere what he hints at here, he will soon force a rethinking of the distance between Bethlem's regimen and the supposedly new moral treatment of Tuke and Pinel.
She first examines the architecture of asylums in the late eighteenth century, the concept of moral management of moral treatment, the Kirkbride linear plan of building asylums and alternatives to them such as the cottage plan, and later structures designed by Calvert Vaux, Clarke Withers, and H.